The pedestal , also the pedestal ( Middle French . Piédestal , Italian. Piedestallo , to Italian. Piede “foot” and stallo “seat”) is a sometimes quite elaborately designed substructure or base of buildings, columns or sculptures such as sculptures and statues . In the 19th century, the term basament , which is related to the pedestal, was used in Italian, but could also stand for foundation wall , substructure or ground floor .
If a pedestal is just a simple, low base plate, this is called a plinth . Small pedestals or pedestals, for example on the gables of buildings for vases or statues, are also referred to as "picture chair" or "picture chair". Typical base elements are the " cornice ", the "pedestal shaft " and the "cornice".
The Roman Emperor Trajan had his successes in the Dacer Wars depicted on the statue known as the Trajan Column in Rome . The pedestal had various tasks: First it represents the entrance to the column that can be walked on, then it was designed as a storage place for the emperor's urn and finally it functions as a bearer of the dedicatory inscription.
- Johann Georg Sulzer; General theory of fine arts , 1771, pedestal (digital edition for full-text research in the digital library series as volume 67, ISBN 3-89853-467-7 )
- Heinrich Sebald: The monument of Frederick the Great. A detailed description of the monument, along with 31 short biographies relating to the people depicted on the central pedestal. With an illustration of the monument, Berlin: Logier, 1851.