Prophet's mosque

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Prophet's mosque
Coordinates : 24 ° 28 ′ 6 "  N , 39 ° 36 ′ 39"  E Coordinates: 24 ° 28 ′ 6 "  N , 39 ° 36 ′ 39"  E
place Medina
Laying of the foundation stone 622
Direction / grouping Islam
Architectural information
capacity 600,000
Minarets 10
Minaret height 105 m
Interior view of the Prophet's Mosque

The Prophet's Mosque ( Arabic المسجد النبوي al-Masjid an-Nabawi , DMG al-masǧid an-nabawī ) in Medina isthe second holiest mosque in Islam after the al-Haram mosque in Mecca . Here is the tomb of Muhammad . Initially, the house of the Prophet Mohammed, which he had built after the Hijra in 622, stood here, as well as a mosque built in his time.


The Prophet's Mosque was controlled by the Ottoman Empire from 1517 . In 1806, the leader of the Wahhabi Empire , Saud I ibn Abd al-Aziz , occupied Medina and its holy places in his attempt to unite Arabia. With the demolition of al-Baqi 'cemetery next to the Prophet's Mosque in 1806, in the wake of the invasion of the Wahhabis in Mecca and Medina, which continues to this day began destruction of Islamic heritage in Saudi Arabia , with the fight against the veneration of saints justified has been. In 1812 Egyptian troops recaptured Medina on behalf of the Ottoman Sultan Mahmud II .


The mosque was expanded considerably in later times and today the most important part, the tomb of Muhammad, lies under the green dome. The first two " rightly guided " caliphs Abu Bakr and Umar ibn al-Chattab are also buried there.

Web links

Commons : Prophet's Mosque  - collection of images, videos and audio files



Individual evidence

  1. Federal Agency for Civic Education : Historically grown symbiosis: The House of Saud and the Wahhabiyy