|Crew :||0/1/2/ 3 or 0/1/6/ 7 or 0/1/8/ 9|
|Extinguishing water :||1000-4000 liters|
|Foam concentrate :||200-400 liters|
|Rescue kit :||available|
|Perm. Total mass :||15,000-18,000 kilograms|
The rescue fire engine (RLF for short) is a tactical fire engine that is widespread in Austria . This vehicle is a combination of a tank tender and an emergency vehicle . It is also often used as a four-wheel drive vehicle (RLF-A) to increase its effectiveness . It used to be known as the mountain fire engine (BLF). It is therefore suitable for both fire and technical operations . Therefore, it is not only an integral part of the vehicle equipment of many small volunteer fire departments , but also of professional fire departments .
Since the rescue vehicle is equipped for both technical and fire operations, this vehicle is used for most operations.
With an RLF, a fire brigade is in a position to guarantee the necessary fire protection in the event of a traffic accident in addition to the necessary technical measures.
Abbreviations and paging names
Throughout Austria, these vehicles bear the name RLF. The amount of extinguishing water charged and the size of the foam tank are added, for example: RLF 2000-400 (2000 L extinguishing water and 400 L foam). RLF-A stands for all-wheel drive .
The radio call name in Upper Austria and Lower Austria is Rüstlösch with the name of the fire brigade. In Lower Austria, larger fire brigades also use a tank with number and place name (e.g. Tank 3 Wiener Neustadt). In Styria, the tactical designation is used instead of “arming fire” (e.g. RLFA 2000 Neudorf). In Vorarlberg, the place name is placed in front of the tactical designation for radio call names (e.g. Dornbirn RLF ).
In addition to the almost completely taken over equipment of a fire truck, there is usually the hydraulic rescue kit and an emergency power generator . A cable winch mounted on the vehicle frame with a tensile force of usually 50 kN is also usually available.
Since both the pump is driven and the winch with the vehicle engine is a dual power take-off of the transmission is necessary.
Depending on the predominant areas of use, the vehicles from the local fire brigade may still be available with additional equipment or facilities. Vehicles that are mainly used in traffic are often equipped with a traffic control device at the rear of the vehicle. Street washing systems are also often found on fire fighting vehicles. They are used for street cleaning, but also as self-protection in the event of field fires. There is also a hose connection at the front of the vehicle.
RLF for special applications
Emergency rescue vehicle tunnel
A special form of the fire fighting vehicle is the fire fighting vehicle tunnel (short: RLF-T). It is based on the normal RLF, but is equipped with special devices for use in tunnels . In contrast to the usual RLF, the tunnel version has a breathing apparatus for each team member . The vehicle itself must also have an air storage system, as the oxygen content of the air drops sharply in the event of a fire in a tunnel.
The water cannon can be operated from the driver's cab.
There is usually a bracket for a thermal imaging camera in the front of the vehicle , which is connected to a monitor in the driver's compartment. This enables the emergency services to drive into a completely smoky tunnel.
Two- way fire fighting vehicle tunnels (ZW-RLF-T for short) are increasingly found in the area of long railway tunnels. This particular type of vehicle has a second set of wheels, which enables it to run on rails.
The fire brigades are equipped with six of them, two of which are stationed in Tyrol and four in Lower Austria. The vehicles were all provided with a body by the fire engine manufacturer Rosenbauer International AG .
In the course of the construction of the new western railway line in Tullnerfeld, some fire brigades along the RLFAT 3000-200, built by Lohr-Magirus on a MAN TGM 18.340, were made available by the ÖBB.
- In Tyrol, the fire brigades in St. Anton am Arlberg and Zams were each equipped with a ZW-RLF-T. They are responsible for the Arlbergbahn and in particular for the Arlberg tunnel and the Zammer tunnel. The vehicles were built on a "Steyr 18S28", built in 2002.
- Lower Austria
- The fire brigades St. Valentin, Amstetten, Pöchlarn and St. Pölten-Stadt were selected as ZW-RLF-T bases. These fire brigades are responsible for the western railway line in the area between St. Pölten and the border with Upper Austria. The focus is on four tunnels, Wachber tunnel 2, Melker tunnel, Sittenberg tunnel and Sieberg tunnel. The vehicles were purchased by the ÖBB in 2003 and mounted on an "ÖAF FE 410A" chassis.
- The fire brigades Lochau, Bregenz Rieden, Dornbirn, Frastanz, Dalaas and Klösterle were selected as RLF-T bases. You are responsible for the four tunnels ( Pfänder , Achrain , Amberg , Dalaaser and Arlberg ).
Emergency fire engine
The emergency fire engine (HLF) is seen as a further development and, especially in the field of professional fire brigades, as a successor . The Graz professional fire brigade now only has more HLF than standard vehicles.
- Mountain fire engine (BLF) of the professional fire brigade Vienna ( Memento from May 13, 2012 in the Internet Archive )
- fast as the fire brigade - on time like the train . September 12, 2008; Retrieved February 7, 2009
- St. Pölten fire brigade