RPG (weapon)

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RPG-7 being shot down

RPG ( Russian Ручной Противотанковый Гранатомёт (РПГ), Rutschnoi Protiwotankowy Granatomjot (RPG) ; hand-operated anti-tank grenade launcher) is a Soviet / Russian series of reactive anti- tank rifles . The abbreviation stands in English as a backronym for Rocket Propelled Grenade (rocket propelled grenade). However, this is technically incorrect because not all weapons in this series work according to this principle.


RPG-2 with grenade

The RPG-2 was created in 1947 from the German Panzerfaust "Device 150" of the Second World War . The maximum shooting distance is 150 meters.


The RPG-7 is a light anti-tank weapon and was developed in 1961 as a further development of the RPG-2. The weapon was the first to use the rocket-propelled grenade principle.

RPG 7 with combat grenade

RPG-16 Udar

The RPG-16 is an extended range version of the RPG-7 . The maximum shooting distance is between 500 and 800 meters, depending on the variant.

RPG-18 Mucha

RPG-18 (above) and RPG-26 (below)

The RPG-18 is a so-called throw-away weapon: it is fired and the empty launch tube is thrown away. The maximum shooting distance is only 200 m. With a caliber of 64 mm, the penetration capacity is 300 mm of armor steel .

RPG-22 Neto

Like its predecessor, the RPG-22 is a disposable weapon that can shoot a maximum of 200 m. The RPG-22 missile has a caliber of 72.2 mm, which increases the penetration power to 390 mm of armor steel.

RPG-26 Aglen

The RPG-26 is a further development of the RPG-22 with a firing range increased to 250 m. The rocket is still 72.2 mm in caliber. The weapon has the following penetration capacity:

RPG-27 Tavolga


The caliber of the RPG-27, also a disposable weapon, has been increased to 105 mm. Its shooting distance has decreased to 200 m, but it has gained enormous penetration compared to its predecessor:

  • 0600 mm armor steel
  • 1500 mm reinforced concrete
  • 3700 mm of soil

RPG-28 Klyukwa

RPG-28 in the foreground

The RPG-28 was launched in 2007 and entered service in 2011. It is an anti-tank missile with a caliber of 125 mm, which is housed in a short, disposable launch tube. The missile has a warhead with a tandem hollow charge , which has a penetration capacity of 900 mm armor steel. The RPG-28 weighs a total of 12 kg, the rocket 8.5 kg. It reaches a maximum shooting distance of 300 m.

RPG-29 wampire

RPG-29 with grenade

Unlike most of its predecessors, the RPG-29 can be reloaded. It can fire rockets with both 65 mm and 105 mm caliber and thus reaches a range of 500 m. The penetration rate is as follows:

  • 0750 mm armor steel
  • 1500 mm reinforced concrete
  • 3700 mm of soil

RPG-30 Krjuk

The RPG-30

The RPG-30 is a twin-barreled weapon that can overcome hardkill systems . The weapon is intended for single use. It uses a light grenade simulator that reaches the target about 0.1 s before the actual warhead and triggers the APS. The warhead then hits the target and destroys it. The 105-mm rocket is an equivalent of the RPG-29 rocket and also has a weight of 4.5 kg and a penetration capacity of 650–700 mm. The total mass of the RPG-30 is 10.3 kg, its length is 1135 mm. The RPG-30 entered service in 2012.

RPG-32 Chashim

With the RPG-32, a distant successor to the RPG-27, two types of missiles can be fired: a missile with a fragment warhead of 72 mm caliber or a missile with a tandem shaped charge of 105 mm caliber. In both cases a maximum shooting distance of 200 m is achieved. With a 105 mm missile, the RPG-32 penetrates 650 mm of armor steel.

See also


  • Ilya Shaydurov: Russian close combat equipment: types, technology, data . 1st edition. Motorbuch, 2017, ISBN 978-3-613-03974-2 , pp. 155 ff .
  • Günter Wollert, Reiner Lidschun, Wilfried Copenhagen : small arms . (1945-1985). In: Illustrated encyclopedia of rifles from around the world . 5th edition. tape 1 + 2 . Brandenburgisches Verlagshaus, Berlin 1988, ISBN 3-89488-057-0 , weapons, p. 422-426 .

Web links

Commons : RPG  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Description Rocket Propelled Grenade Launcher ( Memento from April 26, 2006 in the Internet Archive ) (English; accessed on August 8, 2009)
  2. Elad Benari: Israel Concerned Hizbullah Has Advanced Anti-Tank Weapon , Arutz Scheva , February 24, 2012, accessed May 30, 2017.
  3. David Hambling: Russia Unveils 'Abrams Killer' Rocket , Wired , November 28, 2008, accessed May 30, 2017.