Rajendra I.

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Rajendra I.
Family name : Chola
First name : Rajendra I.
Title: Parakesari
Predecessor: Rajaraja I.
Successor: Rajadhiraja Chola
Reign: A.D. 1012 to A.D. 1044
Queen: Lokamahadevi
Children: Rajadhiraja Chola I
Rajendra Chola II
Virarajendra Chola
Father: Rajaraja Chola
Deceased on: 1044 AD
Dominion and influence of the Chola Empire under Rajendra I.

Rajendra Chola I. ( Tamil இராஜேந்திர சோழன் Irājēntira Cōḻaṉ; † 1044 ) was king of the Tamil empire of the Chola .

He was the son of Rajaraja I and his co-regent from 1012. In 1014 he succeeded his father to the throne. During his reign he expanded his empire to the Ganges River in the north and across the Bay of Bengal . Rajendra extended the rule over Burma , the Andaman and Nicobar Islands , Lakshadweep , the Maldives , conquered Srivijaya (Sumatra, Java and Malaya in Southeast Asia) and the Pegu Islands with his ship fleet. He defeated Mahipala , the Pala king of Bengal and Bihar . To commemorate his victory, he built a new capital called Gangaikonda Cholapuram . Tamil Chola armies took tribute from Thailand and the Khmer Kingdom of Cambodia . Rajendra was the first Indian ruler who was able to transport his army by ship. He also built a temple in Gangaikonda Cholapuram for the Hindu god Shiva , similar to the Brihadisvara temple in Thanjavur , which was built by Rajaraja Chola.


Rajaraja Chola had made Crown Prince Rajendra co-regent in 1012 AD. Both father and son ruled as equals in the last few years before Rajarajas passed away. Rajendra has spearheaded some of Rajaraja's campaigns, such as those against Vengi and Kalinga towards the end of his reign.

Overseas conquests

Illustration from the Siege of Kedah . The battle between Beemasenan's Chola Sea Battalion and the defenders of Kedah Fortress.

In the 14th year of his rule (1025), the Chola Army attacked the Srivijaya kingdom under its king Sangrama Vijayatungavarman. Kedaram , the capital of the maritime kingdom of Srivijaya, was captured by Rajendra's army and the king captured. Like Kadaram, Pannai were taken in what is now Sumatra and Malaiyur in the Malay Peninsula.

Sangarama Vijayatungavarman was the son of Mara Vijayatungavarman of the Sailendra dynasty. The Srivijaya Kingdom was near Palembang in Sumatra.

Web links

Commons : Rajendra Chola I  - Collection of images, videos and audio files