In simplified terms, the Rhenish Oberland is the higher part of the Rhineland on the Middle Rhine , which, historically speaking, was populated by the Rhine Franconians in the low mountain range on the left bank of the Rhine and a rather narrow border to the right of the Rhine. The central area is the Hunsrück and its adjacent areas up to the Nahe and Saar rivers . Its counterpart is the less common term of the Rhenish Netherlands .
Cologne as a focal point
The term continues to be used more in historical ecclesiastical contexts, which are probably related to the division of the Archdiocese of Cologne into a Dutch and an Oberland district.
The Rhine border was in Cologne , on the banks of the Dutch and Oberland. In the Middle Ages and early modern times, the goods transported on ships had to be reloaded here, as the sedate type of ship used by the Dutch Aaken was no longer suitable for the mountain route. Here the shallower and smaller after seen from Cologne Rheinische Oberland were named Oberlander who towed could be used. The situation at that time on the banks of the Rhine is detailed in the Cologne cityscape from 1531 of Anton Woensam .
A Cologne specialty bread, the top countries of bread, a rye - wheat bread with sourdough proportion is also named after the Rheinische Oberland. Here the growing conditions for wheat were not ideal, so a large proportion of rye was used for daily bread. It was given a strong crust, which, in conjunction with the fine-pored structure of the bread, ensured a longer freshness time and could therefore be shipped to Cologne without any loss of quality. Bread became a Cologne specialty when the council imported bread from bakeries in the Oberland, Koblenz, Andernach and Neuwied, during a baker's strike in 1829, which the people of Cologne liked so much that it was soon baked here and in the surrounding area.
- See also the work on the Protestant church history of the Rhineland: Ernst Gillmann (Hrsg.): Our Church in the Rhenish Oberland . Verlag Glaube und Heimat, Simmern 1954; .
- Our breads - presentation of breads from the Meschede bakery in Wesseling. Example from Wesselingen bakery; accessed on December 14, 2014-
- Roland Larmann: Bread and Stollen Examination : Oberländer as a strike breaker . Kölner Rundschau from October 28, 2014.