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A circular ( RdErl ) is an instruction from a supreme federal or state authority - e.g. B. a ( federal ) ministry - to subordinate authorities within their respective business area.

For example, the Ministry of the Interior of Country X can stipulate how to proceed in certain situations for all police stations in the country. If several ministries issue a circular, one speaks of a joint circular (abbr. "Gem. RdErl").

Examples of circulars are the so-called radical decree of 1972, the Volmer decree on the issuing of visas (see: Visa affair ) of 2005, which was issued by the Foreign Office to the embassies and consulates and contained a simplified procedure for issuing visas or the so-called coffee Decree in the federal finance administration.

In some countries, we do not speak of a circular, but of a decree .

An enactment does not need to be pre- approved by a government cabinet , unlike ordinances where this is often the case.

See also: administrative regulation , decree , order