Russian language

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Rusyn (also Ruthenian , Carpatho-Rusyn русиньскый язык [rusinsky jasyk] , jugoslawo-Rusyn руска бешеда [ruska bescheda] ) is from the East Slavic ethnic group of Rusyns in the Carpathian Ukraine , the Slovak Republic , Poland , Hungary and parts of the former Yugoslavia speaking, large Groups of emigrants live mainly in Canada and the USA .

Because of this fragmentation, there are several different attempts at standardization. The Russian dialects in Serbia and Croatia are so different from those in the Carpathian Mountains that they are often understood as two languages, Yugoslav-Russian and Carpathian -Russian .

Opinions differ as to whether Russian is a separate language or a dialect of the Ukrainian language .


  • Marc Stegherr: Russian. In: Lexicon of the languages ​​of the European East (=  Wieser Encyclopedia of the European East. Volume 10). Edited by Miloš Okuka with co-editor Gerald Krenn. Wieser, Klagenfurt 2002, ISBN 3-85129-510-2 , pp. 399-408 ( PDF; 270 kB ( memento of November 23, 2015 in the Internet Archive )).
  • Marc Stegherr: The Russian. Cultural-historical and sociolinguistic aspects (= Slavic contributions. Volume 417). Sagner, Munich 2003, ISBN 3-87690-832-9 (also: Munich , Univ., Dissertation ).
  • Alexander Teutsch: The Russian of Eastern Slovakia in the context of its neighboring languages (= Heidelberg publications on Slavic Studies. A, Linguistic Series. Vol. 12). Lang, Frankfurt am Main a. a. 2001, ISBN 3-631-38286-3 (Zugl .: Heidelberg, Univ., Diss., 2001).

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Bernard Comrie : Slavic Languages. In: International Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Vol. 3: Mande Languages ​​- Selection. Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford [and a.] 1992, ISBN 0-19-516785-6 , pp. 452-456. -
    Ethnologue. 16th edition.
  2. George Y. Shevelov: Ukrainian. In: The Slavonic Languages. Edited by Bernard Comrie and Greville G. Corbett. Routledge, 1993, pp. 947-998.
  3. ^ Lexicon of the Languages ​​of the European East ( Memento of December 10, 2017 in the Internet Archive ). In:, accessed on March 17, 2017.