Yugoslav-Russian language

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Yugoslav Russian
бачваньски руски язик
batschwanska ruska bescheda

Spoken in

CroatiaCroatia Croatia Serbia
speaker between 23,286 and 35,000
Official status
Official language in SerbiaSerbia Serbia
Language codes
ISO 639 -2 ( B ) sla (common language code) ( T )

Yugoslav Russian (also South Russian , Batschka Russian , Vojvodina Russian ( Voivodina Russian ), Pannonian Russian , Ruthenian ; Russian руска бешеда / ruska bescheda ) is spoken by the Russian ethnic group in Croatia and Serbia .

Yugoslav Russian (proper spelling бачваньска руска бешеда / batschwanska ruska bescheda ) is spoken today by just over 20,000 people in the Serbian Vojvodina and in Croatian Slavonia , but it was spelled out in 1923 in the grammar of Hawrijil Kostelnik. After the Second World War , the Russians were recognized as a national minority in Yugoslavia. There was a Russian newspaper, radio and television broadcasts, and school classes. Since 1970, Russian has also been taught at high school level at Ruski Krstur High School . School books were published and in 1981 a professorship in Russian Philology was established at the University of Novi Sad . Since then, Russian has also been allowed in communication with the local administration of some places in Vojvodina. Yugoslav Russian is therefore a fully developed written language today.

It should be noted that outside of Serbia, Yugoslav Russian is very often regarded as a single “Russian” language together with Carpathian Russian. In addition, especially in Ukraine, Yugoslav Russian, like Carpathian Russian, is often referred to as a Ukrainian dialect, since in Ukraine the existence of a Russian nationality is denied. There is also an opinion that it is a dialect of Slovak . In Slovakia itself, the prevailing view today is that it is an East-Slovak-West Ukrainian transition dialect. In fact, Yugoslav Russian contains many East Slovak elements (more than the Carpathian Russian spoken in eastern Slovakia), so that it is controversial whether it is still an East Slavic (like Ukrainian) or a West Slavic language (like Slovak ) is to be classified.

See also

Literature and web links

  • Aleksandr D. Duličenko, “The Russian”. In: Introduction to the Slavic Languages. Ed. Peter Rehder. Darmstadt ³1998. Pp. 126-140. ISBN 3-534-13647-0 .
  • Русиньскый язык. Ed. Paul Robert Magocsi. Opole 2004 (Najnowsze dzieje języków słowiańskich) . ISBN 8386881380 [very detailed treatise, written in the authors' respective Carpathian and Yugoslav Russian varieties].
  • Marc Stegherr: Russian (PDF; 276 kB). In: Lexicon of the Languages ​​of the European East , Ed. Miloš Okuka. Klagenfurt 2002 (=  Wieser Encyclopedia of the European East , Vol. 10). ISBN 3-85129-510-2 .
  • Ruska matka Serbiji i Čarnej Hori : cultural organization of the Yugoslav Russians
  • Teutsch, Alexander: The Rusinian of Eastern Slovakia in the context of its neighboring languages ​​/ Alexander Teutsch. - Frankfurt am Main, 2001. Series: (Heidelberg publications on Slavic Studies: A, Linguistic Series; 12). ISBN 3-631-38286-3

Individual evidence

  1. 1984 Census, Duličenko
  2. 1984 census, Stegherr
  3. z. E.g .: B. Horbač, O .: Leksika hovirky bačvans'ko-srims'kych ukrajinciv. In: Naukovyj zbirnyk Muzeju ukrajins'koji kuľtury v Svydnyku. 1969