Rustam Rasulovich Inoyatov ( Russian Рустам Расулович Иноятов Rustam Rassulowitsch Inojatow , born on June 22 1944 in Sherobod , Surxondaryo Region , UsSSR , Soviet Union ) is an Uzbek government official, Colonel General (since 1999) and former head of the National Security Service of Uzbekistan (from 1995 to 2018 ).
Inoyatov studied at the Faculty of Iranian Philology at Tashkent State University (now the National University of Uzbekistan ) and after graduating in 1968 was drafted into the army, where his KGB career began. Inoyatov initially held various positions in republican bodies, but later moved to the main management of the KGB, which was mainly responsible for foreign intelligence services. From 1976 to 1981 he worked in Afghanistan under a diplomatic guise .
In 1995, President of Uzbekistan Islom Karimov Inoyatov appointed chairman of the country's National Security Service (UNS). In a very short time he catapulted himself into a key figure in Karimov's authoritarian state apparatus. Once negotiated as Karimov's successor, Inoyatov was often referred to as the "gray cardinal" because of his great influence. Steve Sverdlov, a Central Asia researcher with Human Rights Watch , describes Inoyatov as one of the most ruthless political figures responsible for building one of the most feared and notorious security services in the post-Soviet space . The USB he led employed an extensive network of secret agents who spied not only on the population, but also on members of the government.
In the 2005 Andijon massacre, UNB units shot indiscriminately at demonstrators who had protested against the regime. Official figures said 187 were killed, while unofficial sources put the death toll at 1,500. In response, the European Union banned Inoyatov and other high-ranking Uzbek officials from entering the country. Inoyatov was removed from the black list in 2008 and was able to travel to Germany a few weeks later.
On January 31, 2018, the Uzbek head of state Shavkat Mirziyoyev removed Inoyatov by decree and instead appointed him as the new adviser to the president.
- Sputnik: Рустам Иноятов: биография "серого кардинала узбекской политики". Retrieved June 13, 2018 (Russian).
- Catherine Putz: Uzbekistan Dismisses Long-Serving and Much-Feared Security Service Chief. February 1, 2018, accessed June 13, 2018 .
- Gulnoza Saidazimova: Uzbekistan: Islam Karimov Vs. The Clans. April 22, 2005, accessed June 13, 2018 .
- 'Dismissed' Uzbek security service chief appointed as state adviser to the Uzbek president | Tajikistan News ASIA-Plus . ( news.tj [accessed June 13, 2018]).
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Inoyatov, Rustam Rasulovich; Рустам Расулович Иноятов (Russian); Inojatow, Rustam Rassulowitsch|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Uzbek government official, Colonel General (since 1999) and Head of the National Security Service (1995-2018)|
|DATE OF BIRTH||June 22, 1944|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Sherobod , Surxondaryo Province , Soviet Union|