Lap (rudder)

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Schoss ( the ; with a short vowel) is a term used in northern and central Germany until the early modern period for taxes, especially wealth taxes. The mhd. Schoz , mnd., Mndl. schot goes back to the Germanic word sceutan ("to shoot"). In the words " advance ", " grant " or "something to shoot" it has been preserved to this day. The lap was the Schösser driven.

In cities such as Lübeck , Stendal , Quedlinburg or Cologne , as in other cities , a distinction was made between the fixed advance payment (poll tax ) and the proportional wealth tax, the Hauptschoss or Schwörschoss. The general hoof lap introduced in East Prussia under King Friedrich Wilhelm I was a special property tax .

These taxes were recorded in the municipal tax registers (lap registers). In the country were Erbregister out that apart from the womb , and inheritance and / or castle lap called further duties as the quit-rent and payable to the landlord Frondienste call. These registers are a very important source of population and social history in the late Middle Ages and early modern times .

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Individual evidence

  1. Keyword Schoß Meyer's Großes Konversations-Lexikon, Volume 18. Leipzig 1909, p. 12