|Construction year||1927-1929 & 1936-1937|
|Architects||Fritz Beyer, Josef Scherer and Erich Dieckmann|
|Client||Homestead Society Primus|
|Architectural style||expressionistic design|
The Paddenpuhl housing estate is a 20th century housing estate in Berlin-Reinickendorf with a total of 557 apartments, which was built around the Breitkopf basin as the center. In addition, the housing estate is a listed building monument. It was created in an expressionist style. The name of the Paddenpuhl settlement can be traced back to the former Paddenpuhl pond , which was later renamed Breitkopfbecken. The three- and four-story plastered buildings with hipped roofs were mainly designed by Fritz Beyer ; Josef Scherer and Erich Dieckmann also worked on the second construction phase . The well-known garden and landscape planner Erwin Barth was responsible for the outdoor facilities .
Between 1925 and 1930 the Reinickendorf district grew by 23,000 people, which is why the construction of the settlement began in 1927. The settlement was built in two phases, 1927-29 and 1936/37, by Heimstättengesellschaft Primus mbH. In the first phase of construction, 1927-29, the houses were built along the east side of Kopenhagener Strasse and the buildings on both sides of Klemkestrasse. With the construction of the Wall in 1961, Klemkestrasse lost its connecting function, so that since then it ended abruptly behind the railway bridges of the former Kremmener Bahn and Nordbahn in front of the wall strip. The residential buildings along the east side of Kopenhagener Strasse were modified in 1951/52 by the Gemeinnützige Siedlungs- und Wohnungsbaugesellschaft mbH ( GSW ) after being destroyed in the war, but rebuilt on the given floor plan. In the years when there was a shortage economy, however, decorative elements were dispensed with . In addition, an advertising pillar was set up in 1951-52 , which was placed under monument protection in 2019 and thus joins the ensemble under monument protection built in 1951/52. The estate is now owned by Deutsche Wohnen , which initiated a comprehensive renovation of the apartment and staircase windows as well as the house and courtyard doors of the estate from 2016 to 2017. For this, Deutsche Wohnen was awarded the Reinickendorf District Builder Award.
The settlement is characterized by multi-colored windows and the equally colorful house corners and borders of the loggias . The jagged arches and colorful columns give the buildings a strong contrast to the existing bay windows. The exterior areas designed by Erwin Barth , such as those of the Breitkopf basin and the Klemkepark, are integrated into the ensemble . The Paddenpuhl housing estate stands out with its decorative design in a contrast to the nearby White City , which was created in the style of the new objectivity .
- Frank, Rentschler (Hrsg.): Berlin and its buildings housing construction - requirements - developments in residential areas . tape IV , A. Ernst & Sohn, Berlin 1970, ISBN 978-3-433-00302-2 , p. 253 .
- Entry in the Berlin State Monument List
- Posted by: puffin: The Paddenpuhl settlement at the Breitkopfbecken. In: Parrot Divers. February 15, 2020, accessed April 24, 2020 .
- LDLBerlin advertising pillar
- Three times memories of Ernst Litfaß in the district: advertising pillars under monument protection. Retrieved April 24, 2020 .
- Redevelopment of the Paddenpuhl housing estate honored with distinction at the Reinickendorfer Bauherrenpreis. Retrieved April 24, 2020 .
- Janine Richter: Reinickendorf awards builders' prize for successful projects. September 12, 2018, accessed April 24, 2020 .