Signal book (railway)
A signal point is in the railways a set of rules, which in the railway operations using signals describes and specifies the required behavior.
In Germany , railway signals are stipulated in a binding form in the Railway Signal Regulations (ESO), a statutory ordinance within the remit of the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure . The basis for authorization is the General Railway Act (AEG). The German Bahn AG used additionally, the signal book (Directive 301, shortly Ril 301), which supplements the provisions of ESO by implementing regulations (AB), governing the conduct of the ESO. It also contains signals not listed in the ESO for which the Federal Railway Authority has granted an exemption, such as the combination signals .
Tram signals are regulated in Germany in the tram building and operating regulations. There are various regional supplements here.
In Switzerland , railway signals are regulated in the train service regulations.
In Austria the signal regulation DV V2 applies .
In general, it can be seen that different signals can be found in each country. Standardizations can only be found very rarely across Europe or even worldwide. However, the OSJD has standardized a light signal system that, with few deviations from Germany, is in use across many states of the former Soviet sphere of influence as far as China. In North America, some cross-border signals are defined by the Association of American Railroads .
- Signals and signal books of German state railways, as well as the SBB and ÖBB
- Compilation of the Federal Railway Authority for the signal book
- Guideline 301 - Signal book, update 10 of the Deutsche Bahn AG (in force since December 10, 2017)
- Swiss Driving Regulations (FDV) A2016 Federal Office of Transport (FOT), July 1, 2016 (PDF; 3 MB). R 300.2 signals
- Signal regulation DV V2 in Austria (the link contains an outdated version of the V2; PDF file; 1.42 MB)