Simeon (Old Testament)

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Israel map from 1695

Twelve tribes of Israel

The territories of the 12 tribes of Israel

Simeon (Greek-Latin transcription from Hebrew שִׁמְעוֹן Shim'on ; the common form is the male given name Simon ) is in the Tanach one of the 12 sons of Jacob and ancestor of one of the twelve tribes of Israel .

He is the second son of Jacob and Leah after Reuben . In the biblical narratives he is told, among other things, of a campaign of revenge with his brothers against a Canaanite city-state after its king raped his sister Dina ( Gen 34  EU ). In the Joseph story , Simeon is held captive in Egypt by his brother Joseph until his brothers return with Benjamin ( Gen. 42.24  EU ). Later, before his death, his father announced to him that his descendants would be dispersed, that is, the fall of his tribe ( Gen 49.5–7  EU ). According to Ex 6.15  EU , Simeon has five sons: Jemuël, Jamin, Ohad, Jachin, Zohar and Schaul. Mother Schaul is a Canaanite woman.

In the pseudepigraphic script of the wills of the twelve patriarchs , Simeon's envy and hatred are also addressed. He deeply regrets his lack of pity, for pity and mercy are outstanding virtues in the patriarchal wills. So he admonishes his descendants not to follow suit.

Other Israelites later also bore the name Simeon . As mentioned Lk 2.25 to 35  EU a Simeon next to the prophetess Hanna ( Lk 2.36 to 38  EU ) in the story of the Presentation in the Temple . Biblical bearers of the short name Simon were the disciple of Jesus and later apostle Simon Peter , another disciple Simon (surname Zelotes) and the magician Simon Magus ( Acts 8,9-25  EU ).

See also