Slovenes in Austria

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Slovenes in Austria comprise the autochthonous minority of the Carinthian Slovenes and Styrian Slovenes as well as citizens of Slovenia living in Austria .

In the 2001 census, 24,855 people gave Slovene as the colloquial language . In addition, 568 people indicated Windisch as the colloquial language . According to the 2001 census, 17,953 (or 18,520 if the Windisch information is taken into account) were Austrian citizens and 13,225 (or 13,772) were born in Austria. The majority of these ethnic Slovenes with Austrian citizenship are among the recognized autochthonous minorities in Carinthia (the Carinthian Slovenes ) and Styria (the Slovenes in Styria ). Their settlement areas are spatially separated from each other, but are each connected to Slovenia .

The group of Slovenes in Austria also includes citizens of the state of Slovenia. For the reference date January 1, 2011, the “Slovenian Community in Austria” states the number of 16,800 people with origin from Slovenia in Austria. The autochthons thus represent a minority among the Slovenes in Austria in the 2010s. The Slovenian embassy in Austria announced that 3,274 of the people in Austria with Slovenian citizenship were eligible to vote for the Slovenian parliament on December 4, 2011 .

The increasing proportion of foreigners among the Slovenes in Austria is striking. It should be noted here that in no year since 2006 have more than 42 former citizens of Slovenia obtained Austrian citizenship. The increase in the proportion of foreigners can be explained on the one hand by the decline in Slovene language skills among the autochthonous Slovenes or people of Slovene origin, which leads to a change in the allocation of the persons concerned in statistics, and on the other hand by the accession of Slovenia to the European Union in 2004 Has made it easier for citizens of Slovenia to establish a place of residence across the national border in Austria without having to seek Austrian citizenship (because of the privileges associated with EU citizenship ).

The Republic of Slovenia regards itself as the patron saint of the autochthonous Slovenes in Austria. Their concerns fall within the competence of the Slovenian "Ministry for Slovenes Abroad". In February 2017, the Slovenian Foreign Minister Karl Erjavec criticized the fact that the new constitution of Carinthia discriminated against the Slovenian language as it was not considered "the language of the execution of the Province of Carinthia".

Individual evidence

  1. a b Population 2001 by colloquial language, nationality and country of birth. Statistics Austria , accessed on November 2, 2014 .
  2. ^ Media Service Point New Austrians: Slovenian Community in Austria . December 1, 2011
  3. 2001 census, main results I - Carinthia, Table 5, pp. 63–67
  4. Statistics Austria: table "Naturalized persons since 2006 according to previous nationality" . Vienna 2017
  5. Communications Office of the Government of the Republic of Slovenia: Facts about Slovenia . Ljubljana. February 2009, p. 38 (20)
  6. ^ Carinthian constitutional reform unacceptable for Slovenes . The standard . 17th February 2017