St. Afra (Trier)

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The St. Afra Monastery is a former, abandoned monastery in Trier . Small monument-protected remains are now in Liebfrauenstrasse .


The monastery of St. Afra was first mentioned in 1271. However, it has existed for some time. It was founded as a women's community and was intended to serve as nursing staff for the cathedral chapter's staff. the founder was the cathedral chapter itself. The monastery was originally founded as a beguinage . There were several beguinages of this kind in Trier. After the Council of Vienne in 1311 led to the dissolution of all German beguinages, the nuns joined the Third Order of St. Francis (called "Zum Affelter").

The medieval walls were replaced by a new building from 1713 to 1728; the monastery church was consecrated in 1724. But already in 1785 the monastery was dissolved by Archbishop Clemens Wenzeslaus of Saxony and converted into a girls' orphanage. After complete secularization in 1806, the monastery finally came into private ownership and was used from 1851 to 1879 as the Evangelical Community's daughter's school. After its abolition, the orphanage was relocated to St. Irminen .

In 1928 the front of the building had the slogan "Möbel L. Sachse", today it is the toy store "Rappelkiste".

Buildings and Architecture

Remnants of the monastery are still preserved from the monastery in Liebfrauenstrasse 5-6. At number 5 you can find the surrounding walls of the three-storey baroque former monastery building from the early 18th century. The building is dominated by a street-defining entrance gate with a sprinkling gable, marked 1728. There is a figure niche and aedicule motif above the gate entrance . The design of the portal is probably based on the design of the Welschnonnenkloster in Flanderstraße in terms of its form . A chronogram above the portal reads: FVNDITVS / ERIGERATVR (E renovated as N) / HOONORI DEI (H renovated as N) / DIVI FRANCISCI / (E) T SFRAE PATRO (NAE) (S renovated as B). The preserved complex consists of two three-storey tracts built at right angles to one another. The church measured 14.20 x 7.84 m. The church has been used as a storage room for utility rooms since 1809 and has been rebuilt accordingly.

At number 6 is the former church, a hall that was built in 1721–24 according to plans by the architect and Franciscan brother Odericus Weiler . The Weberbach used to flow under the church . The church building is only free-standing on its long sides and otherwise integrated into the development. It has existed in this form integrated into the row development at least since the 19th century, possibly also since it was built. Although the building extends directly to the Liebfrauenkirche , it is clearly inferior in comparison to the monastery building opposite. The facade is on high pedestals standing pilasters divided under a powerful beams. On the occasion of the conversion of the church for residential use, the windows were divided by an intermediate parapet. The pillar-flanked street portal is no longer preserved.

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d Entry on St. Afra Monastery in the database of cultural assets in the Trier region ; Retrieved November 4, 2016.
  2. ^ Gunter Hahn - Data Gis GmbH, Filderstadt: Martinusweg - Sights worth seeing. In: November 21, 2014, accessed November 4, 2016 .
  3. a b c d Christian Joericke, Marcus Stoelb: 16 VOR - News from Trier - Do you know ... the monastery of St. Afra? »16 BEFORE. In: December 1, 2014, accessed November 4, 2016 .
  4. Google author link: Beguines - Ecumenical Saint Lexicon. In: 2014, accessed November 4, 2016 .
  5. a b c Monument topography Federal Republic of Germany. Cultural monuments in Rhineland-Palatinate. Volume 17.1 City of Trier - Old Town. Wernersche Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Worms. ISBN 3-88462-171-8 (1st edition 2001)
  6. a b List of monuments of the General Directorate for Cultural Heritage, Rhineland-Palatinate; 2010.