Groom , stable boy or stable boy are outdated terms for an employed zookeeper who is responsible for the welfare of the employer's horses . The term horse groom is more contemporary . The corresponding apprenticeship is called horse manager with a focus on horse keeping and service .
Grooms of sport horses or racehorses often have to travel with their employers to look after the horses during the tournaments and to support the rider or driver during the competition. These tasks range from preparing the horses for the start to warming up the horses before the start.
In the field test in driving (called marathon for short ), grooms are usually on the wagon as co-drivers. They balance the car when driving fast in tight corners by shifting their weight.
In the case of large facilities, there may be several grooms who are under the leadership of the head groom or the groom . In many cases, the head groom has full responsibility for the horses, including planning training times and choosing the right feed for optimal nutrition. He also has to ensure that the horses are shod, vaccinated and dewormed and that they are under regular veterinary treatment.
The groom in a private household had to be available on call within a certain period of time in the event that a member of the employer's family wanted to ride out or drive away.
In the military arena was called a groom, who took care of the horse of an officer and batman .
“As is well known, the officer has a 'lad', that is, a soldier as a servant at his personal disposal. If the officer in question is on duty, from the captain upwards, he even has two of them. The second only has to take care of the horse and care for it. [also called riding boy, editor's note. V.] "
- Once again the Junker "- Volume 1: From entry into the Royal Prussian Army to Engers War School (A Soldier's Life in 10 Volumes 1910–1923), p. 64
- August Mau : Agaso . In: Paulys Realencyclopadie der classischen Antiquity Science (RE). Volume I, 1, Stuttgart 1893, Col. 737.