August Mau

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August Mau

August Mau (born October 15, 1840 in Kiel , † March 6, 1909 in Rome ) was a German classical archaeologist , known for his exploration of Pompeii .


August Mau, son of the theology professor Heinrich August Mau and his wife Louise Mau, b. von Rumohr , studied classical philology at the Universities of Kiel and Bonn . After receiving his doctorate in 1863 with Otto Ribbeck in Kiel, August Mau initially worked as a teacher, most recently in Glückstadt .

Due to illness, he gave up teaching in 1869 and lived in Rome from 1872, where he worked as a secretary at the German Archaeological Institute (DAI) from 1873 . He was responsible for the subject catalog of the institute library and published it in book form. In 1894 he became a corresponding member of the DAI. In the same year he was elected a corresponding member of the Göttingen Academy of Sciences .

Scientifically, Mau was primarily concerned with Pompeii, which perished during the eruption of Vesuvius , first with the inscriptions , then mainly with the wall painting , building on earlier research by Wolfgang Helbig and Giuseppe Fiorelli . He was the first to divide the historical development of Pompeian wall painting into four different stylistic epochs and emphasized the independence of Roman art from Greek art.

Mau also wrote research reports and a generally understandable representation of Pompeii in life and art , which is still considered a standard work today.


  • Pompeian contributions . Reimer, Berlin 1879.
  • History of decorative wall painting in Pompeii . Reimer, Berlin 1882.
  • Guide to Pompeii . Furchheim, Naples 1893. 4th edition Engelmann, Leipzig 1903. 6th edition, edited by Albert Ippel . Ibid. 1928.
  • Pompeii in life and art . Engelmann, Leipzig 1900. 2nd edition with a chapter on Herculaneum ibid. 1908. Appendix to the second edition . Ibid. 1913.
  • Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum . Volume 4. Inscriptiones parietariae Pompeianae Herculanenses Stabianae . Supplementi pars 2. Inscriptiones parietariae et vasorum fictilium . Reimer, Berlin 1909.
  • Catalog of the library of the Imperial German Archaeological Institute in Rome . 2 volumes. Löscher, Rome 1900–1902. Revised by Eugen Mercklin and Friedrich Matz. 2 volumes in 4 sub-volumes and a supplement. Löscher, Rome / de Gruyter, Berlin 1913–1932.


Web links

Wikisource: August Mau  - Sources and full texts
Commons : August Mau  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Holger Krahnke: The members of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen 1751-2001 (= Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Philological-Historical Class. Volume 3, Vol. 246 = Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Mathematical-Physical Class. Episode 3, vol. 50). Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2001, ISBN 3-525-82516-1 , p. 162.