Structural geology

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Structural geology (Latin structura , construction) is the study of the structure of the earth's crust , a branch of analytical tectonics . It deals with the spatial relationships between the rocks and the deformations that can be recognized in them . Modern tectonics differentiates between structural geology and geodynamics . While structural geology analyzes general and special spatial relationships of the rocks in the structure of the earth, such as For example, folds , fractures and mineral structures in rocks on a local and regional scale, geodynamics deals with global tectonic relationships (“large tectonics”, see also mountain formation or plate tectonics ).

General structural geology General explanations such as: tectonic models, forces and stresses in rocks, fracture, frictional sliding, buckling and plastic failure in experiments, rock stress and pore water pressure in nature, kinematics of tectonic movements.

Special structural geology Special structural geological forms such as: extension fractures, faults, thrusts, leaf displacements, folds, diapirs, deformation mechanisms and rock textures.

Web links and literature

Commons : Structural Geology  - collection of images, videos and audio files
  • Jean-Pierre Burg: Introduction to Structural Geology. Lecture notes for the basic structural geology course at ETH Zurich, Zurich 2001 ( PDF 4.92 MB)

Individual evidence

  1. GH Eisbacher: Introduction to Tectonics. 2nd, revised and expanded edition, Ferdinand Enke Verlag, Stuttgart 1996