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Tomb of Tennō Temmu and Jitō in Nara

Temmu ( Japanese 天 武天皇 , Temmu-tennō ; * around 631, † October 1, 686 ) was according to traditional counting of the 40th Tennō of Japan . He ruled from 672 to 686 in Asuka-kyō , Yamato . His proper name was Prince Ōama ( 大海 人 皇子 , Ōama no miko ).

He was the second son of Emperor Jomei (593-641, Reg. 629-641) and Empress Kōgyoku (Reg. 642-645) and the younger brother of Tenji (Reg. 668-671). His Empress Jitō was a daughter of Emperor Tenji, his brother, and thus his niece.

In the Jinshin Civil War of 672 Temmu usurped the imperial dignity of the emperor Kōbun installed in 671 and ruled the empire from his Kiyomihara palace .

As emperor, he reformed the legal system based on the Chinese system. During his reign, the kabane ranks were reformed for noble dignitaries.


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predecessor Office Successor
Kobun Emperor of Japan