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flag coat of arms
coat of arms
Federal district Northwest Russia
Oblast Kaliningrad
Urban district Pionerski
Chair of the city district Pavel Polishchuk
First mention 1254
Earlier names Neukuhren (until 1947)
City since 1952
surface 8.3  km²
population 11,016 inhabitants
(as of Oct. 14, 2010)
Population density 1327 inhabitants / km²
Height of the center 20  m
Time zone UTC + 2
Telephone code (+7) 40155
Post Code 238590
License Plate 39, 91
OKATO 27 417
Website http://pionersk.gov39.ru
Geographical location
Coordinates 54 ° 57 '  N , 20 ° 14'  E Coordinates: 54 ° 57 '0 "  N , 20 ° 14' 0"  E
Pionersky (European Russia)
Red pog.svg
Location in the western part of Russia
Pionersky (Kaliningrad Oblast)
Red pog.svg
Location in Kaliningrad Oblast
List of cities in Russia

Pionerski ( Russian Пионерский ; German until 1947 Neukuhren; Lithuanian Kuršiai ) is a town with 11,016 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010) in the Russian Oblast of Kaliningrad . The city forms its own urban district .


Pionerski is located on the Baltic Sea on the Samland peninsula , between the seaside resorts of Zelenogradsk (Cranz) and Swetlogorsk (Rauschen) about 35 kilometers north of the oblast capital of Kaliningrad (Königsberg) .


The village of Neukuhren has been known since 1254. Towards the end of the 19th century it developed into one of the seaside resorts on the north coast of the Samland peninsula, but was overshadowed by the neighboring Cranz and Rauschen.

On June 13, 1874, Neukuhren became the district village and gave its name to a newly established district . It belonged to the district of Fischhausen , from 1939 to 1945 to the district of Samland in the administrative district of Königsberg in the Prussian province of East Prussia . On September 30, 1928, the neighboring manor district Wangenkrug on the Baltic Sea was incorporated into the rural community of Neukuhren.

During the Second World War , units of the Wehrmacht were stationed in Neukuhren : the Neukuhren Air Force Field Regiment, the Aviation Training Regiment 10 and the A 125 and A / B 125 pilot training schools.

After the war, the place came to the Soviet Kaliningrad Oblast, received on June 17, 1947 the status of a spa settlement within the Primorsk Raion and was renamed Pionersky at the same time; Derived from Russian pioner for pioneer , a member of the pioneer organization “W. I. Lenin ” . On December 26, 1952, the settlement received city rights. After the dissolution of the city Rajons Primorsk Pionerski was the City Soviet of the February 1, 1963 Selenogradsk assumed. On January 12, 1965, Pionersky was incorporated into the so-called Svetlogorsk spa-industrial zone, which was administered from Svetlogorsk . On March 22, 1993, Pionerski was spun off from this association and designated a town with oblast significance. On March 31, 2004, the city received the status of a city district as a municipal self-government unit. In 2011, a residence for the President of the Russian Federation was completed in Pionersky.


After Neukuhren and Pionerski, the following three places were incorporated:

Russian name German name Date
of incorporation
- Cheek jug 1928
Dobroje (Доброе) Prussian Battau 1993? By decree of 1950, Preußisch Battau was renamed Dobroje and subordinated to the Pionerski Settlement Soviet. According to the 1975 administrative list, Dobroje was part of the city of Svetlogorsk .
Rybnoye (Рыбное) Lop wages 1993? By decree of 1950, Lopphnen was renamed Rybnoje and included in the Romanowski selski Sowet . According to the administrative lists of 1975 and 1989, Rybnoye was an independent place that was subordinate to the Pionersky City Soviet.

Mayor / Chairwoman of the City District (since 1992)

Fishing port
Residence of the President of the Russian Federation
  • 1992–2000: Pawel Wassiljewitsch Doronin (Павел Васильевич Доронин)
  • 2000–2014: Rimma Alexandrovna Sagajewa (Римма Александровна Сагаева)
  • 2014–2017: Alexei Olegowitsch Presnjakow (Алексей Олегович Пресняков)
  • 2017-2019: Jelena Sergejewna Schirotschenko (Елена Сергеевна Широченко)
  • since 2019: Pawel Vitalyevich Polishchuk (Павел Витальевич Полищук)

Heads of administration of the city district

  • 2014–2016: Vitaly Anatoljewitsch Beljajew (Виталий Анатольевич Беляев)
  • 2016–2017: Oleg Nikolajewitsch Kossenkow (Олег Николаевич Косенков) (i. V.)
  • 2017-2018: Yevgeny Nikolajewitsch Micheikin (Евгений Николаевич Михейкин)
  • 2018: Alexei Jurjewitsch Semenzow (Алексей Юрьевич Семенцов)
  • 2018–2019: Galina Viktorovna Repikova (Галина Викторовна Репикова) (p.
  • since 2019: Leonid Sergejewitsch Schubajew (Леонид Сергеевич Шибаев)

Population development

year Residents
1910 339
1933 1,168
1939 4,820
1959 7,637
1970 9.226
1979 10.132
1989 11,635
2002 11,816
2010 11,017

Note: census data

Neukuhren District (1874–1945)

Between 1874 and 1945 Neukuhren was the seat of the administrative district of the same name , which initially included 13 rural communities or manor districts :

German name Russian name Remarks
Rural communities :
until 1898: German Battau
Kobjeiten Selski 1901 in the rural community noise incorporated
Lixeids Obuchowo 1928 incorporated into the rural community of Schlakalken
Lop wages Rybnoye
Neukuhren Pionerski
Prussian Battau
before 1910: Klein Battau
Dobroje 1928 incorporated into the rural community of Battau
Noise Svetlogorsk 1910 Formation of a separate administrative district in Rauschen
Sassau 1901 incorporated into the rural community of Rauschen
Slack Yaroslavskoye
Tenkieten Lyotnoye 1928 incorporated into the rural communities of Schlakalken
from 1910 :
Buckling Pribreschnoye 1928 in the rural community of Rantau incorporated
Rantau Zostrovye
Manor districts :
Herrenwalde 1893 incorporated into the rural community of Lopphnen
Kohnkenhof In 1893 incorporated into the Prussian Battau rural community
Cheek jug to Pionerski 1928 incorporated into the rural community of Neukuhren

Due to the restructuring, on January 1, 1945 only five municipalities belonged to the Neukuhren district: Battau, Lopphnen, Neukuhren, Rantau and Schlakalken.

Culture and sights

  • Historical-archaeological museum "Rantawa" in the street Armeiskaya 6
  • Natural monument bristle stone (Kamen Lschi)

Economy and Infrastructure

Neukuhren already had a spa house in the 1890s, which was counted among the most beautiful buildings in Samland. Pionerski is still a seaside resort and an important fishing port today.

The Elektritschka runs to Kaliningrad Severny train station and to the neighboring towns of Svetlogorsk and Zelenogradsk. The city's train station is called Pionerski Kurort .


Neukuhren did not have its own Protestant church before 1945, but was part of the parish of the parish church in Sankt Lorenz (today in Russian: Salskoje). This was incorporated into the parish of Fischhausen (Primorsk) in the church province of East Prussia of the Church of the Old Prussian Union . Today Pionerski is located in the catchment area of ​​the newly established Evangelical Lutheran congregation in Zelenogradsk (Cranz) , a branch congregation of the Resurrection Church in Kaliningrad (Königsberg) , belonging to the Kaliningrad provost of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of European Russia .

Before 1945 there was a Roman Catholic church made of brick in Neukuhren .

Since 2013 there has been a Russian Orthodox church in Pionerski , which is dedicated to the icon of Our Lady of Tikhvin .

See also

Web links

Commons : Pionerski  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Kaliningradskaya oblastʹ. (Results of the 2010 all-Russian census. Kaliningrad Oblast.) Volume 1 , Table 4 (Download from the website of the Kaliningrad Oblast Territorial Organ of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)
  2. a b Rolf Jehke, Neukuhren district
  3. Through the Указ Президиума Верховного Совета РСФСР от 17 июня 1947 г. «Об образовании сельских Советов, городов и рабочих поселков в Калининградской обльских Советов, городов и рабочих поселков в Калининградской обладской обладской обладской обладской обладской Собласти the 17th and 19th Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Council of the cities of the Oblasti towns and cities of the 17th Supreme Council of the Supreme Presidium of the 1947th Oblast of the Oblasts Council of the 17th Supreme Soviet of the Supreme Council of the cities of the Oblasts of the 1947th Oblast.
  4. Through the Закон Калининградской области от 31 марта 2004 г. № 374 «О наделении муниципального образования" город Пионерский "статусом городского округо образования" (Law of March 31st, 2004 the status of the city of Přednírzázník Region: 374th district of Kaliningrad, No. 37 of Kaliningrad Oblast), the city of 37th district of Předník.
  5. ^ Rolf Jehke, District Rauschen
  6. Pionerskij - Neukuhren (ostpreussen.net)
  7. Evangelical Lutheran Provosty Kaliningrad ( Memento of the original dated August 29, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (Russian German) @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.propstei-kaliningrad.info
  8. Photos of the church on https://www.prussia39.ru/