from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

flag coat of arms
coat of arms
Federal district Northwest Russia
Oblast Kaliningrad
Urban district Ladushkin
Founded 1314
Earlier names Ludwigsort, also:
City since 1946
surface km²
population 3787 inhabitants
(as of Oct. 14, 2010)
Population density 631 inhabitants / km²
Height of the center 10  m
Time zone UTC + 2
Telephone code (+7) 40156
Post Code 238460
License Plate 39, 91
OKATO 27 203 505
Geographical location
Coordinates 54 ° 34 ′  N , 20 ° 11 ′  E Coordinates: 54 ° 34 ′ 0 ″  N , 20 ° 11 ′ 0 ″  E
Ladushkin (European Russia)
Red pog.svg
Location in the western part of Russia
Ladushkin (Kaliningrad Oblast)
Red pog.svg
Location in Kaliningrad Oblast
List of cities in Russia

Laduschkin ( Russian Ладушкин ; until 1946 German Ludwigsort , also Schneewalde ) is a rajon-free small town in the Russian Oblast Kaliningrad , between Kaliningrad and the border with the Polish Warmia-Masurian Voivodeship not far from the Fresh Lagoon . It has 3787 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010). The city is the administrative seat of the Ladushkin urban district .

The name Laduschkin also stands for the neighboring town, which until 1946 bore the German name Schneewalde .

Geographical location

The village is located in the west of the historical region of East Prussia near the east bank of the Frischen Haff , about 18 kilometers northeast of Heiligenbeil ( Mamonowo ) and 28 kilometers southwest of Königsberg ( Kaliningrad ).


Ludwigsort, near the east bank of the Frischen Haff, northeast of the headland of Balga , on a map from 1910 (see left half of the picture).

The place was founded in 1314. The area is an old settlement area, which is documented by a prehistoric burial ground northeast of the village.

"Ludwigsort" entered history with the construction of a paper mill in 1593. Margrave Georg Friedrich , the guardian of Duke Albrecht Friedrich of Prussia , lent the mill, which belongs to the state, to the Königsberg printing house owner Georg Osterberger on October 10, 1597 . He in turn sold the mill and a larger number of owners changed until 1709 Friedrich Ludwig von Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck bought the now ailing mill and gave it his name "Ludwigsort". When work in the paper mill was stopped in 1780, it became a preliminary work of Gut Charlottenthal , which in the 18th century was a hunting and pleasure palace for the Duke of Holstein-Beck.

In 1816 Johann Gottlieb Jakob Theophil Nanke (1763-1835), who was a former teacher in Schirwindt , became the owner of the estate. Before 1858, Hermann Douglas (1840–1895), the son of the Königsberg city councilor Carl Douglas Carl Douglas, who had leased the amber shelf along the coast from the state , acquired the property . In the middle of the 19th century, the late classicist manor was also built.

In 1874 from the agricultural estates Ludwigsort and Charlottenthal and the rural communities was Patersort (Beregowoje) and Schwanis (Sosnowka) of the District formed Ludwigsort, in 1883 also came Gutsbezirk Wendelau it.

"Ludwigsort" as a climatic health resort was a summer retreat for the townspeople from Königsberg in Pr., Which was probably due to the fact that the place received a train station for the Prussian State Railway from Dirschau to Seepothen as early as 1894 .

Monument to Ivan Ladushkin in Ladushkin

Before the Second World War , the school and the mayor's office were housed in one building. The school had three classrooms in which three teachers (main teacher Brand, killed while trying to escape in 1945; teacher Kreddig and teacher Schulz) taught. During the Second World War there was an ammunition factory in the village, which the villagers called "Muna". Semi-detached houses were built for the munitions workers, each with an apartment above and below. Mayor was Erich Schulz (not the teacher Schulz), who was also the local group leader of the NSDAP .

In 1945 Ludwigsort belonged to the district of Heiligenbeil in the administrative district of Königsberg in the province of East Prussia of the German Empire .

Towards the end of the Second World War , the place was taken by the Red Army without a fight in the spring of 1945 and was therefore initially completely unscathed. After the Second World War, the place was placed under Soviet administration by the Soviet occupying forces along with the entire northern half of East Prussia. Ludwigsort was assigned to the Kaliningrad Oblast and received city rights in 1946. The Russian version of the place name was chosen in honor of the lieutenant of the armored forces and hero of the Soviet Union (posthumously) Ivan Laduschkin (1922-1945), who died on March 16 during the fighting for the Heiligenbeiler Kessel near the southern German Thierau (today Iwanzowo) Life came.

The place Beregovoye (Patersort) was incorporated into Ladushkin .

City Soviet / City Administration 1947–1960 and 1963–2004

The City Soviet Laduschkinski gorodskoi Sowet (ru. Ладушкинский городской Совет) was established on October 24, 1947 in Ladushkin district . On April 26, 1960, the city soviet was dissolved again and its tasks were taken over by the soviet of Ladushkin Rajon. After the connection of the Ladushkin Raion to the Bagrationovsk Raion , the city soviet was re-established on February 1, 1963. After the collapse of the Soviet Union , the City Soviet was dissolved and in 1992 the city administration Administrazija goroda Laduschkin (ru. Администрация города Ладушкин) was established. In 2004, the area of ​​administration of the city of Ladushkin was transformed into the Ladushkin City District .

Associated places:

Place name Name until 1947/50 Remarks
Beregovoe (Береговое) Patersort The place was renamed in 1947 and was initially included in the Novo-Moskovsky Village Soviet . It was incorporated into the city of Ladushkin before 1975. Whether the place was in the meantime still under the city soviet Ladushkin as an independent place has to remain open.
Dubki (Дубки) Charlottenthal The place was renamed in 1947 and was initially included in the Novo-Moskovsky Village Soviet. It was abandoned before 1975.
Ladygino (Ладыгино) Korschenruh The place was renamed in 1950 and was initially assigned to the Ushakovsky Village Soviet .
Ladushkin (Ладушкин) Ludwigsort Administrative headquarters
Ulyanovka (Уляновка) Klein Hoppenbruch The place was renamed in 1947 and was initially assigned to the Ushakovsky village soviet.

Population development

until 1945
year Residents Remarks
1816 0020th
1858 0141 in 13 residential buildings, all of them Protestant
1864 0151 on December 3rd
1885 0175
1933 0762
1939 1,253
Former grocer's shop with preserved German inscriptions
since 1945
year Residents
1959 1,651
1970 2,285
1979 2,871
1989 3,108
2002 3,796
2010 3,787

Note: census data

Ethnic composition

According to the 2010 all-Russian census, around 91 percent of the residents of Ladushkin are ethnic Russians . Another 3 percent are Ukrainians and 2.5 percent are Belarusians .

According to the census, 34 residents of Laduschkin are Germans or Russian Germans .


Before 1945, a predominantly Protestant population lived in Ludwigsort . The place was incorporated into the parish of Pörschken in the church district of Heiligenbeil in the church province of East Prussia of the Church of the Old Prussian Union . The last German clergyman until 1945 was Pastor Bruno Link . Bruno Link was a concentration camp prisoner for a short time during the Nazi period because he is said to have expressed himself critical of the Nazi regime during a sermon, but was released during the war.

Today Ladushkin is in the parish of the Evangelical Lutheran Resurrection Church Community in Kaliningrad (Königsberg) within the Kaliningrad provost of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of European Russia .

There is a wooden Russian Orthodox church in Ladushkin that was built in the late 1990s. It is dedicated to Demetrios of Thessaloniki . Most of the denominational residents belong to the Russian Orthodox Church.


Oleg Alexandrovich Rassolov has been mayor of Ladushkin since September 2, 2007. On March 4, 2012, he was re-elected for a second term.


The most important employers of Ladushkin include the food manufacturer "Laduschkinskoje" and the cattle breeding company "Beregovoi" founded in 1996. The service industry is also important in the city, there are a few shops with different orientations.


There is a general education school and three kindergartens in the city.


The Balga castle ruins are located about ten kilometers southwest of the city .

See also


Web links

Commons : Laduschkin  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  • Memories of Waltraut Ebert, geb. Oksas, born July 2, 1925, who lived in Ludwigsort from around 1937 to 1945. Orally communicated on March 21, 2013
  1. a b Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Kaliningradskaya oblastʹ. (Results of the 2010 all-Russian census. Kaliningrad Oblast.) Volume 1 , Table 4 (Download from the website of the Kaliningrad Oblast Territorial Organ of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)
  2. ^ Heinrich Pallmann: Georg Osterberger in Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie 24 (1887), p. 509
  3. ^ Memories by Waltraut Ebert
  4. Alexander August Mützell and Leopold Krug : New topographical-statistical-geographical dictionary of the Prussian state . Volume 3: Kr – O , Halle 1822, p. 139, item 3319.
  5. Adolf Schlott: Topographical-statistical overview of the government district of Königsberg, based on official sources . Hartung, Königsberg 1861, p. 103, paragraph 161.
  6. ^ Prussian Ministry of Finance: The results of the property and trade tax assessment in the Königsberg administrative region : Berlin 1966, Heiligenbeil district, p. 18, item 115.
  7. ^ A b c Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. heiligenbeil.html # ew33hlblludwigsort. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
  8. Census data on
  9. ^ Memories by Waltraut Ebert
  10. Ev.-luth. Provosty Kaliningrad ( Memento of the original dated August 29, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  11. Internet presence of the city administration
  12. Website of the city administration ( Memento from June 24, 2011 in the Internet Archive )