Slavsk Raion

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Славский район
coat of arms
coat of arms
Federal district Northwest Russia
Oblast Kaliningrad
Administrative center Slavsk
surface 1349  km²
Cities / SsT 1/0
Head of the Rajons (of the city district)
Igor Rudenkow
Rajon founded 1946
Time zone UTC + 2
Telephone code (+7) 40163
License Plate 39, 91
OKATO 27 236
OKTMO 27 727
Geographical location of the administrative center
Coordinates 55 ° 3 ′  N , 21 ° 40 ′  E Coordinates: 55 ° 3 ′  N , 21 ° 40 ′  E
Slavsk (Kaliningrad Oblast)
Slavsk: location in Kaliningrad Oblast
Location within Russia
Kaliningrad Oblast within Russia

Template: Infobox Rajon in Russia / Maintenance / Meta

The Slavsk Rajon ( Russian Славский район / Transkription Slawski rajon ) is a Rajon in the northwest of the Russian Oblast Kaliningrad between the Memel and the Curonian Lagoon and thus on the border with Lithuania . In the context of local self-government, the (administrative-territorial) Rajon consists of an urban district with its seat in Slavsk (Heinrichswalde) .

Slavsk Raion is roughly in the area of ​​the former Elk Lowlands District . The main livelihoods of the population are agriculture ( dairy farming ) and fishing on the Curonian Lagoon. Both are mostly operated in a cooperative manner. The increasing swamping of the site has developed into a problem since the 1960s, as the previously laboriously maintained drainage systems were neglected and often destroyed during the times of the Soviet Union .

Local self-government

On the territory of Slavsk Raion there has been the municipal self-government unit of the Slavsk District (ru. Славский городской округ, Slavski gorodskoi okrug) with the city of Slavsk and the other 57 settlements located on the territory of the Raion (ru. Possjolok).


The main traffic junction in the Rajon is the Bolshakovo settlement . The main road from Kaliningrad to Sovetsk runs through this place - a section of the European route E77 and here at the same time the Russian federal road A216 - which then continues to Lithuania . Bolshakovo is connected to the district cities of Chernyakhovsk and Polessk by the regional roads 27A-009 (ex A197 ) and 27A-145 (ex A190 ). The Slavsk district seat is connected to the A216 by the regional road 27A-010.

In the north of the Rajon, starting from Sowetsk, the regional road 27A-034 (ex R513 ) leads two kilometers north of Slavsk through the settlements Timirjasewo and Jasnoe to Myssowka on the Curonian Lagoon . In the vicinity of the settlement of Moskovskoye , the regional road 27A-035 branches off to the Russian-Lithuanian border river Skirwiegen, an estuary of the Memel . Opposite is the Lithuanian town of Rusnė (soot). Until the annexation of the Memel Land in 1923 there was a ferry here.

By Rayon passing railway Kaliningrad Sowetsk with the stations Bolshakovo-Nowoje, Slawsk-Novy, Schtscheglowka -Nowaja and Rschewskoje .


The Rajon was founded on April 7, 1946 as Chainrichswaldski rajon . He succeeded the (Elch-) Niederung district that existed until 1945 , the administrative seat of which was Heinrichswalde. The place Lauknen (1938 to 1945 "Hohenbruch") was also taken over from the Labiau district . From the end of May 1946, the “Administration for civil affairs of Heinrichswalde Rajon” (ru. Управление по гражданским делам Хайнрихсвальдского района, Upravlenie Poohdrawlenie) was responsible for the Rajon. On September 7, 1946, the place Heinrichswalde was renamed Slavsk and given city rights and the Rajon was renamed Slavski rajon . In June 1947 the Rajons which was to manage the Executive Committee of Slawsker Rajonsowjets of deputies of working people appointed (ru Исполнительный комитет Славского районного Совета депутатов трудящихся, Ispolnitelny komitet Slawskowo rajonowo Soweta Deputatov trudjaschtschichsja; short. Славсккий Райисполком, Slawski Rajispolkom). When setting up the village Soviets in the summer of 1947 in was Bolshakovo renamed Location United Skaisgirren (1938-1945 "Cross Ingen"), a newly appointed Rajon Bolshakovo outsourced.

On December 12, 1962, the Bolshakovo Raion was dissolved and attached to the Slavsk Raion. Furthermore, the village soviet Novokolchosnensky was taken over from the Neman district on that day . After another administrative reform on January 12, 1965, only the village soviets Bolschakowski (German: Groß Skaisgirren or Kreuzingen) and Wyssokowski (German: Popelken or Markthausen) remained in the Slavsk district of the areas added at the end of 1962 . In 1977 the term “the workers' deputies” was replaced by “the people's deputies” in the name of the district administration (ru. Народных депутатов, narodnych deputatow).

In 1991 the district administration was renamed Administration of Slavsk Raion (ru. Администрация Славского района, Administrazija Slawskowo rajona). In 1998, the Slavsk Raion Communal Self-Government Unit (of the same name) was established on the territory of Slavsk Raion . In 2004 this administrative unit got the status of a city district (ru. Славский городской округ, Slawski gorodskoi okrug). The Slavsk district was rejected by the judiciary. As a result, the administrative unit received the status of a "municipal" Rajon in 2008 and was referred to as Municipal Slavsk Rajon (ru. Славский муниципальный район, Slavski munizipalny rajon); In it, the municipal self-government was expanded to the local level and the existing seven village districts and the area of ​​the Slavsk city administration were converted into three rural municipalities and the urban municipality of Slavskoye. In 2016 the local self-government was (again) organized as an urban district .

Village soviets / village districts 1947–2008

Surname Administrative headquarters German
Bolshakovsky Bolshakovo Groß Skaisgirren (Kreuzingen) since 1963, previously in Bolshakovo district
Gastellowski Gastellowo Great Friedrichsdorf
Jasnowski Jasnoye Chewing (Kuckerneese)
Levobereschnensky Levobereschnoe Schakuhnen (Schakendorf) since 1950, previously at Jasnowski, until 1965, then (apparently) merged with Saliwinski to form Prochladnenski
Prochladnensky Prochladnoye Kallningken (Herdenau) since 1965, before (apparently) Levobereschnenski and Saliwinski
Rzhevsky Rzhevskoye Noble Linkuhnen until 1964, then to Timirjasewski
Saliwinsky Saliwino Tawe until 1965, then (apparently) merged with Levobereschnenski to Prochladnenski, the place Saliwino no longer exists
Sapovednensky Sapovednoye Seckenburg
Timiryazevsky Timiryasevo Neukirch
Vysokovsky Vysokoye Popelken (Markthausen) since 1963, previously in Bolshakovo district

From 1963 to 1965 the village soviets Kalinowski (later in Chernyachovsk district ), Novokolchosnensky (otherwise in Neman district ) and Zalessovsky (later in Polessk district ) belonged to Slavsk district.

Municipalities 2008–2015

Administrative division of Slavsk Raion 2008–2015
Surname Administrative headquarters German
Number of
Urban municipality:
Slavskoye Slavsk Heinrichswalde 7th
Rural communities:
Bolshakovskoye Bolshakovo Groß Skaisgirren
1938–45: Kreuzingen
Jasnowskoye Jasnoye Kaukehmen
1938–45: Kuckerneese
Timiryazevskoye Timiryasevo Neukirch 16

Population development

year Residents Remarks
1959 16,884 Based on the area stock from 1960. Converted to the area stock from 1965: 25.2 T.
1970 24,946
1979 22,661
1989 20,864
2002 21,918
2010 21,015


Party secretaries of the WKP (B) / KPdSU 1947–1991

  • 1947–1951: WW Grigorjew (В. В. Григорьев)
  • 1951–1964: Michail Jakowlewitsch Sevastjanow (Михаил Яковлевич Севастьянов)
  • 1964–1967: Stefan Nikitowitsch Braschnikow (Стефан Никитович Бражников)
  • 1968–1977: Gennadi Fjodorowitsch Kotschetow (Геннадий Фёдорович Кочетов)
  • 1977–1986: Alexandr Nikititsch Potapow (Александр Никитич Потапов)
  • 1986–1991: Michail Afanassjewitsch Chowanski (Михаил Афанасьевич Хованский)


  • 1946–1947: MA Schmatkow (М. А. Шматков)
  • 1947–1953: Alexandr Iwanowitsch Seregin (Александр Иванович Серегин)
  • 1953–1963: Serafim Matwejewitsch Pissarew (Серафим Матвеевич Писарев)
  • 1963–1965: Stefan Nikitowitsch Braschnikow (Стефан Никитович Бражников)
  • 1965–1967: Gennadi Fjodorowitsch Kotschetow (Геннадий Фёдорович Кочетов)
  • 1967–1972: PK Katassonow (П. К. Катасонов)
  • 1972–1975: Igor Petrovich Shevlyakov (Игорь Петрович Шевляков)
  • 1975–1977: Alexandr Nikititsch Potapow (Александр Никитич Потапов)
  • 1977–1980: IM Botscharowa (И. М. Бочарова)
  • 1980–1983: IM Gamajunow (И. М. Гамаюнов)
  • 1983–1989: WN Kapranow (В. Н. Капранов)
  • 1989–1991: Wladimir Andrejewitsch Proskurin (Владимир Андреевич Проскурин)
  • 1991–1998: Alexandr Wassiljewitsch Gwosdenko (Александр Васильевич Гвозденко)
  • 1998–2006: Alexandr Iwanowitsch Dudnik (Александр Иванович Дудник)
  • 2006–2012: Anatoli Grigoryevich Malzew (Анатолий Григорьевич Мальцев)
  • 2012–2015: Sergei Wiktorowitsch Lavrikaitis (Сергей Викторович Лаврикайтис)
  • since 2015: Igor Irinejewitsch Rudenkow (Игорь Иринеевич Руденков)

Heads of administration

  • 2006–2011: Alexandr Wassiljewitsch Gwosdenko (Александр Васильевич Гвозденко)
  • 2011–2015: Sergei Wiktorowitsch Artjochow (Сергей Викторович Артюхов)
  • 2015-2018: Konstantin Borissowitsch Panfilow (Константин Борисович Панфилов)
  • since 2018: Eduard Wassiljewitsch Kondratow (Эдуард Васильевич Кондратов)


There is also a project-related cooperation in the field of water management with the neighboring district of Šilutė and the district of Šilalė in Lithuania.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. By the Постановление Совета Министров СССР от 7 апреля 1946 г., № 783 «Об административном устройстве г. Кенигсберга и прилегающих к нему районов »(Resolution of the Council of Ministers of the USSR of April 7, 1946, No. 783: On the administrative structure of the city of Koenigsberg and its surrounding Rajons)
  2. Through the Указ Президиума Верховного Совета РСФСР от 7 сентября 1946 г. “Об административном устройстве Калининградской области” (Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR of September 7, 1946: On the administrative structure of the Kaliningrad Oblast)
  3. Through the Решение облисполкома от 12 декабря 1962 г. № 591 «Об укрупнении сельских районов и отнесении городов районного подчинения к категории городов областного подчинения Калининградской области » (decision of the Oblast Executive Committee of 12 December 1962 No. 591. About the merging of rural Rajons and adding cities of Rajon- Relevance to the category of cities with oblast significance). There is also a decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR dated February 1, 1963.
  4. Through the Указ Президиума Верховного Совета РСФСР от 12 января 1965 г. «Об изменениях в административно-территориальном делении Калининградской области" (Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union of January 12th administrative-administrative division 1965: territorial changes of the Supreme Soviet of the Kaliningrad 1965: territorial changes of the January 1965 stipulation).
  5. By the Постановление Калининградской областной Думы от 4 июня 1998 г. № 37 "Об утверждении границы административно - территориального, муниципального образования" Славский район "" (Decision of the Kaliningrad Oblastduma of 4 June 1998, No. 37: On Approval of the boundary of the administrative-territorial and Municipal Education "slavsky district.")
  6. Through the Закон Калининградской области от 5 ноября 2004 г. № 444 «О наделении муниципального образования" Славский район "статусом городского округа образования" (Law of the 44th district of Kaliningrad Oblast of November 5, 2004), State of the 44th district of Kaliningrad District, State of the 44th district of Kaliningrad, the State of the 44th district of the district of Słowyzław.
  7. By the Закон Калининградской области от 30 июня 2008 г. № 261 «Об организации местного самоуправления на территории муниципального образования" Славский городской округ "» (Law of the Kaliningrad Oblast of 30 June 2008, Nr. 261: On the organization of local self-government in the field of municipal formation "city circle Slawsk")
  8. By the Закон Калининградской области от 11 июня 2015 г. № 423 «Об объединении поселений, входящих в состав муниципального образования" Славский муниципальный район ", и организации местного самоуправления на объединённой территории" (Law of the Kaliningrad Oblast of 11 June 2015 No. 423. About the unification of the municipal formation " Municipal Slavsk Raion "entered municipalities and the organization of local self-government on the united territory) with effect from January 1, 2016.
  9. also Sapowedninski
  10. census data
  11. Volker Frobarth, The Königsberg area in the politics of the Soviet Union 1945-1990, 2001, ISBN 3-8305-0226-5 , p.173 / 174