Théâtre national de Strasbourg

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Théâtre national de Strasbourg (2009)

The Théâtre national de Strasbourg is a historic building on the Place de la République in Strasbourg , which was built as the seat of the regional committee for Alsace-Lorraine . It is the only French national theater outside of Paris .

The house contains three theaters, costume and stage workshops, rehearsal and administration rooms. 15 to 20 pieces are performed each season, with the focus of the repertoire on 20th century European theater. In addition to pieces in French, each with German subtitles, pieces in German are also played.

Affiliated is the École supérieure d'art dramatique , in which actors, stage and costume designers and directors are trained.


In autumn 1886 - Strasbourg was then part of the realm of Alsace-Lorraine , which was administered by the German Empire - the designs submitted by the architects August Hartel and Skjøld Neckelmann for the new construction of the Alsatian regional committee building in Strasbourg were awarded 1st and 2nd prize. From 1888 to 1892 the building was built according to the architects' plans. The former state committee building has been classified as a monument historique since 1992 .

After the First World War, the house housed the Conservatory of the City of Strasbourg.

With the de facto annexation of Alsace by the National Socialists and the harmonization of administration and economy, attempts also began to instrumentalize the theater for the National Socialist cultural and “national politics”. The Gauleiter at the time, Robert Wagner, wanted to turn Strasbourg into a cultural metropolis; the theater, as the "Reichstheater", was to become a prestige object of National Socialist cultural policy. Under Wagner, the theater was financially generous and was able to successfully increase the audience.

On September 25, 1944, the parliamentary meeting room in the eastern part of the building, the Salle Hector Berlioz , was bombed. The hall was reconstructed by Pierre Sonrel between 1950 and 1957. In 1972 it was raised to the rank of Théâtre national .


  • Léon Azatkhanian (Ed.): La brutalité de la chose offerte. Une aventure théâtrale au TNS 1994–2000. Les Solitaires intempestifs, Besançon 2000, ISBN 2-912464-67-6 .
  • Bernhard von Hülsen: Change of scene in Alsace. Theater and society in Strasbourg between Germany and France 1890–1944 (= German-French cultural library. Volume 22.) Universitätsverlag, Leipzig 2003, ISBN 3-936522-74-X . (also dissertation, Bielefeld University 2002.)

Web links

Commons : Théâtre national de Strasbourg  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Reference on a page of the French Ministry of Culture , accessed on May 21, 2015.
  2. von Hülsen 2003, p. 365 ff.

Coordinates: 48 ° 35 ′ 11 ″  N , 7 ° 45 ′ 19 ″  E