Tripoli International Airport

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Tripoli International Airport
مطار طرابلس العالمي
Tripoli airport terminal

32 ° 39 '49 "  N , 13 ° 9' 32"  E Coordinates: 32 ° 39 '49 "  N , 13 ° 9' 32"  E

Height above MSL 80 m (262  ft )
Transport links
Distance from the city center 34 km south of Tripoli , LibyaLibyaLibya 
Basic data
Passengers 3,100,000
Start-and runway
09/27 3600 m × 45 m asphalt


i11 i13

The Tripoli International Airport , Arabic مطار طرابلس العالمي, DMG Maṭār Ṭarābulus al-ʿālamī , is located near Ben Gashir , 34 km south of the city center of Tripoli .

It is the largest airport in Libya and served as the home base for Afriqiyah Airways (since 2001), Libyan Airlines (since 1963) and Alajnihah Airways . The airport has an asphalt runway , which is equipped with an instrument landing system. In July 2014 it was destroyed during fighting in the Libyan Civil War and remained closed for several years. In the meantime, traffic was handled via Mitiga International Airport . The reopening for passenger operations took place in July 2017.


Aerial view of the Tripoli airport

Italian base

The facility was built as the Italian air force base in Castelbeito during the colonial period. Units of the Italian 5th Air Corps were located here during the Second World War . As part of the Allied theater of war in the Mediterranean region of World War II , the colony of Italian Libya was lost in the Axis powers' Africa campaign from 1943 and the airfield was used by the British Royal Air Force under the name RAF Castel Benito .

British base

In the 1950s and 1960s the military airfield was called RAF Idris . On July 29, 1953, the signing of a friendship and assistance treaty between the young Kingdom of Libya and Great Britain, which renamed the airfield in Tripoli Idris International Airport . The British Air Force received rights of disposal at this airport and at El-Adam near Tobruk , while the US Air Force operated the neighboring Wheelus Air Force Base . During the Suez Crisis in 1956, airfields in Egypt were bombed by British forces. British fighter planes also used Libyan air bases for their operations on the Suez. When Gaddafi came to power , the license agreement ended prematurely in 1969.

Libyan usage

In 1978 the airport was modernized for national and international air traffic. The terminal for international flights that exists today is based on a design by the British engineer Alexander Gibb.

In September 2007 the Libyan government announced expansion plans for Tripoli International. A consortium of companies from Brazil, Turkey, Lebanon and France was awarded the contract for an investment volume of 2.1 billion US dollars (approx. 1.6 billion euros). Two new terminals are being built, each with an area of ​​162,000 square meters, which together have a capacity of 20 million passengers per year. Although the first construction work began in autumn 2007, the completion of the project was delayed further. In view of the desperate conditions in Libya, no further construction is expected in the foreseeable future.

On the night of August 24-25, 2011, fighting between rebels and troops loyal to Gaddafi broke out at the airport in the wake of the civil war in Libya . An airplane went up in flames.

Islamist militias captured the airport on August 23, 2014 . This was preceded by fights that had lasted since mid-July 2014 and in which more than 200 people were killed. It is believed that eleven passenger planes fell into the hands of the Islamists.

Since 2017 the headquarters of the armed forces of Libya , which are associated with Fayiz as-Sarradsch , has been on the building of the airport.


The following incidents occurred in connection with flight operations at the airport:

  • On June 1, 1970, after two failed approaches to runway 18, a Tupolev Tu-104A of the Czechoslovak CSA (OK-NDD) was flown into the area when the pilots made a third attempt from the opposite direction. In this CFIT ( controlled flight into terrain ) all 13 people on board were killed, ten crew members and three passengers.

See also

Web links

Commons : Tripoli International Airport  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files
 Wikinews: Tripoli Airport  - in the news

Individual evidence

  1. Airport data on World Aero Data ( English, as of 2006 )
  2. - Libya ( en ) Retrieved January 8, 2018.
  3. Heavy fighting over the airport of Tripoli . Retrieved May 20, 2015
  4. Misrata militias seize Tripoli airport Spiegel Online August 23, 2014
  5. At least 47 dead in fighting in Libya July 21, 2014
  6. Islamists conquer Tripoli airport Der Tagesspiegel August 24, 2014
  7. Islamist group in Libya took over airport: USA warn of terror: eleven passenger planes disappeared - video. In: Focus Online . September 3, 2014, accessed October 14, 2018 .
  8. Accident statistics Tripoli International Airport , Aviation Safety Network (English), accessed on August 20, 2018.
  9. ^ Accident report Avro York G-AGJD , Aviation Safety Network (English), accessed on October 27, 2019.
  10. ^ Accident report North Star G-ALHL , Aviation Safety Network (English), accessed on January 19, 2016.
  11. ^ Accident report Avro York G-AGNS , Aviation Safety Network (English), accessed on October 27, 2019.
  12. ^ Accident report TU-104 OK-NDD , Aviation Safety Network (English), accessed on January 16, 2016.
  13. ^ Accident report Comet 4C SU-ALC , Aviation Safety Network (English), accessed on January 16, 2016.
  14. ^ Accident report DC-10 HL7328 , Aviation Safety Network (English), accessed on January 16, 2016.
  15. ^ Accident report B-727-200 5A-DIA , Aviation Safety Network (English), accessed on January 16, 2016.
  16. Accident report A330-200 5A-ONG , Aviation Safety Network (English), accessed on August 20, 2018.