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Handwritten example of uncial writing
Computer-set example for an uncial and a semi-uncial

The uncial or uncial script ( lat. Uncialis ) is a capitals font , which probably originated from the older Roman cursive . The uncial was written on parchment with a reed pen .

Development and dissemination

The uncial originated in the 4th century and was used up to the 6th century for books ( codices ) and beyond as a markup font. The name Unziale has Mabillon introduced in the 17th century by a well-bond division at Jerome has misunderstood in this about the "duty-large" (lat. Uncia , twelfth feet, 1 inch ) letter complains.

Over 300 manuscripts of the New Testament have been preserved in Greek uncial script. For example, the Greek manuscripts Codex Sinaiticus and Codex Vaticanus are completely preserved .

Detection and classification

The rounded, sans serif letters and some ascenders and descenders are characteristic . However, these are not yet very pronounced. In contrast to the Capitalis , the Uncial is primarily a book font . There are basically three forms of uncials:

See also


Individual evidence

  1. ^ Jean Mabillon, De re diplomatica , 2nd ed. Paris 1709, Liber i., Caput xi., P. 47 online . Other interpretations of the term "uncial": Website Digivatlib and University of Zurich: Adfontes .

Web links

Commons : Uncials  - album with pictures, videos and audio files