Live and act
His parents were the state tenant Emil Bischoff and his wife Charlotte von Gersdorff, who died giving birth to their son. He was brought up in the spirit of a Prussian-Protestant Pietism .
After receiving his doctorate from the University of Munich in 1933, Bischoff was hired by the American paleographer Elias Avery Lowe as an assistant for the catalog “ Codices Latini Antiquiores ”. He was involved in this project, which was to include all Latin manuscripts written around 1800 before 800 AD, until it was completed in 1972. In 1943 , Bischoff completed his habilitation with a thesis on "the Latin education of the Celtic peoples in the early Middle Ages". In 1947 Bischoff became a private lecturer in Munich, where in 1953 he took over the chair of his teacher and doctoral supervisor Paul Lehmann for Latin Philology of the Middle Ages , which he held until his retirement in 1974. Here he continued to work in the tradition of his predecessor Ludwig Traube .
In 1953, Bischoff was elected to the central management of the Monumenta Germaniae Historica (MGH). In the last years of his life he concentrated his work on a catalog of approx. 7000 continental manuscripts from the 9th century, which was published posthumously by the Bavarian Academy of Sciences (see below under Writings ). Bischoff was able to achieve special achievements in the field of Latin palaeography . His skills lay particularly in determining the temporal and local origins of medieval manuscripts. In his scholarly life, he has answered thousands of inquiries from all over the world promptly and precisely. Bischoff's bibliography comprises about 240 titles.
Bischoff was honored with four honorary doctorates . He received an honorary doctorate from the University of Dublin in 1962, that of the University of Oxford in 1963 and that of the University of Milan . He was a member of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences (since 1956), the Royal Irish Academy (since 1957), the Medieval Academy of America , the British Academy (since 1960), the German Archaeological Institute (since 1962), the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (since 1968) and since 1989 the American Philosophical Society . He was also a member of the Pour le mérite order for sciences and arts and holder of other orders. He was awarded the Great Federal Cross of Merit with Star (1987).
- The Southeast German writing schools and libraries in the Carolingian era, Part I: The Bavarian Dioceses , Leipzig 1940 (2nd edition: Wiesbaden 1960, 3rd edition: Wiesbaden 1974); Part II: The predominantly Austrian dioceses , Wiesbaden 1980.
- Medieval studies. Selected essays on written and literary history. 3 vol., Hiersemann, Stuttgart 1966–1981.
- Catalog of the mainland manuscripts of the ninth century (with the exception of the wisigoth) (publications of the commission for the publication of the medieval library catalogs of Germany and Switzerland / Bavarian Academy of Sciences), Harrassowitz: Wiesbaden 1998. Part 1: Aachen - Lambach. ISBN 3-447-03196-4 .
- Catalog of the mainland manuscripts of the ninth century (with the exception of the Wisigothic) , edited from the estate by Birgit Ebersperger (publications of the commission for the publication of the medieval library catalogs of Germany and Switzerland / Bavarian Academy of Sciences). Part 2: Laon - Paderborn. Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 2004. ISBN 3-447-04750-X .
- - - Part 3: Padua-Zwickau. Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 2014. ISBN 978-3-447-10056-4 .
- Manuscripts and Libraries in the Age of Charlemagne , translated and edited by Michael Gorman (Cambridge Studies in Palaeography and Codicology 1), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1994, ISBN 0-521-38346-3 .
- Paleography of Roman Antiquity and the Occidental Middle Ages. Berlin 1979; 3rd unchanged edition in 2004. (Basics of German Studies 24). ISBN 3-503-07914-9 .
- Johanne Autenrieth : Bernhard Bischoff †. In: Gnomon. Critical journal for all of classical antiquity . 64, 1992, , pp. 474-477.
- Heinrich Fichtenau : Bernhard Bischoff †. In: Almanac of the Austrian Academy of Sciences. 142. Jg., 1991/92, 1992, , pp. 505-510.
- Horst Fuhrmann : Bernhard Bischoff. In: Horst Fuhrmann: People and Merits. A personal portrait gallery. CH Beck, Munich 2001, ISBN 3-406-47221-4 , pp. 300-310.
- Sigrid Krämer : Bibliography Bernhard Bischoff and index of all manuscripts used by him (= Fuldaer Hochschulschriften 27). Knecht, Frankfurt am Main 1998, ISBN 3-7820-0760-3 , review .
- Sigrid Krämer: Bernhard Bischoff on his 100th birthday. (PDF; 192 kB) In: Akademie aktuell - Journal of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences. Issue 1, Issue No. 20, 2007, , pp. 56-58, online (PDF; 188 kB) .
- Sigrid Krämer: The scientific estate of Bernhard Bischoff. On the occasion of his 100th birthday on December 20, 2006. In: Aevum. Rassegna di scienze storiche, linguistiche e filologiche. Vol. 81, 2, 2007, , pp. 620-628.
- Hiram Kümper: Bernhard Bischoff. In: Albrecht Klassen (Ed.): Handbook of Medieval Studies. Terms - Methods - Trends Vol. 1. de Gruyter, Berlin / New York 2010, ISBN 978-3-11-018409-9 , pp. 2193-2195.
- Kurt Reindel : Obituary for Bernhard Bischoff. In: Journal for Bavarian State History 54 (1991), pp. 757-760 ( digitized version ).
- Gabriel Silagi: Bernhard Bischoff. (Obituary). In: German Archive for Research into the Middle Ages . 48, 1992, pp. 411-413. ( Digitized version )
- Literature by and about Bernhard Bischoff in the catalog of the German National Library
- Publications by Bernhard Bischoff in the OPAC of the Regesta imperii
- Image and biography of Bischoff in the auxiliary scientific networks
- The Baden-Württemberg Library Service Center through Bernhard Bischoff
- Employee site of the Monumenta Germaniae Historica
- Estate in the Bavarian State Library
- Book of Members 1780 – present, Chapter B. (PDF; 1.2 MB) In: American Academy of Arts and Sciences (amacad.org). Retrieved May 3, 2018 .
- Member History: Bernhard Bischoff . American Philosophical Society, accessed March 27, 2020.
- Horst Fuhrmann : Monumenta Germaniae Historica. Report for 1991/1992. In: German Archive for Research into the Middle Ages. 48, 1992, pp. I – XIX, here: p. II ( online )
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German palaeographer and Middle Latin|
|DATE OF BIRTH||December 20, 1906|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Altendorf (Altenburg)|
|DATE OF DEATH||17th September 1991|
|Place of death||Munich|