The term vapor comes from English and means " steam ". German paraphrases are “nothing but hot air” or “much ado about nothing”. The term became popular when Infoworld magazine, published by the International Data Group , presented the Golden Vaporware Award to Bill Gates in November 1985 at the Alexic Hotel in Las Vegas for delaying Microsoft Windows 1.0 .
The Vaporware Award is a negative price for hardware or software products that have been announced but not completed by the specified time . The US magazine Wired has published the list of the ten most popular vaporware products among its readers every year since 1996. A well-known award winner is Duke Nukem Forever , a game that was announced in 1997 and was a multiple Vaporware of the Year title holder from Wired magazine until its actual release in 2011.
- Beyond Good and Evil 2
- Dark Sun: Shattered Lands
- Duke Nukem Forever
- Final Fantasy XV - originally Final Fantasy Versus XIII
- Half-Life 3
- The Last Guardian
- The Last of Us Part II
- Star Citizen
- Team Fortress 2
- Haan, Marco A. "Vaporware as a means of entry deterrence." The Journal of Industrial Economics 51.3 (2003): 345-358.
- Bayus, Barry L., Sanjay Jain, and Ambar G. Rao. "Truth or consequences: An analysis of vaporware and new product announcements." Journal of Marketing Research 38.1 (2001): 3-13.
- Levy, Stephan M. "Should vaporware be an antitrust concern." Antitrust Bull. 42 (1997): 33.
- Prentice, Robert. "Vaporware: imaginary high-tech products and real antitrust liability in a post-Chicago world." Ohio St. LJ 57 (1996): 1163.
- Levy, Stephan M. Vaporware. No. 9512001. EconWPA, 1995.
- Jenkins, Avery. "Long overdue: the reasons behind vaporware." Computerworld 22.40a (1988): 11-13.
- After 14 Years in Limbo, Duke Nukem Forever Is Finally Finished, http://www.wired.com/gamelife/2011/05/duke-nukem-forever-finished/