Vienna Convention on Consular Relations
The Vienna Convention on Consular Relations ( WÜK ) of April 24, 1963 is an international treaty that came into force in 1967 and was signed by 177 states by January 1, 2015 . The Convention regulates consular relations between the Contracting States, the conditions under which consular functions are carried out by consular officers, and the facilities, privileges and immunities granted to them. The consular officers work in one state (receiving state) and look after the interests of another state (sending state) there. The Vienna Convention on Consular Relations is part of the codified international consular law .
The consular tasks include (Article 5 of the Convention),
- to protect the interests of the sending state and its dependents, both natural and legal persons, in the receiving state within the limits permissible under international law;
- to promote the development of commercial, economic, cultural and scientific relations between the sending State and the receiving State;
- issue passports and travel documents to nationals of the sending state and visas or corresponding documents to persons who wish to travel to the sending state;
- to provide assistance and assistance to nationals of the sending State, both natural and legal persons;
- exercise notarial, civil status and similar powers and perform certain administrative tasks;
- to transmit judicial and extrajudicial documents and to deal with requests for legal assistance .
The Convention was adopted in Vienna on April 24, 1963 at the United Nations Conference on Consular Relations, which took place in the New Hofburg from March 4 to April 22, 1963. The official texts are in English, French, Chinese, Russian, German and Spanish; these languages, which the Convention provides, are equally authoritative.
- Consular contract
- LaGrand brothers
- UN convention
- Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations