Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  • States that have ratified the convention
  • Member States of the UN that have not signed the convention
  • The Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations ( VÜD ) is the new version and codification of the customary law developed diplomatic law .

    This international law treaty was concluded in Vienna on April 18, 1961 following preparatory work by the UN International Law Commission and has been in force since April 24, 1964. The agreement regulates diplomatic traffic including the immunity of diplomats and the inviolability of the diplomatic mission. As of January 1, 2015, 190 states belonged to the Convention , which corresponds to almost the entire international community. Most recently, Brunei , Gambia and the State of Palestine joined the convention. For the few states that have not (yet) acceded to it ( South Sudan , Palau and the Solomon Islands ), however, the provisions of the Convention apply as customary international law .

    The importance of the Convention was emphasized by the International Court of Justice in the US Diplomatic and Consular Staff case in Tehran (ICJ, judgment of 24 May 1980, ICJ Reports (1980), 30 ff.), Which concerned the message of the United States of America in Tehran and personnel held hostage for long periods of time.

    There are two additional protocols to the Convention, the signature of which is optional. These are the Additional Protocol on the Acquisition of Nationality and the Additional Protocol on Compulsory Dispute Settlement , which obliges the signatory states to have disputes about the Convention settled by the International Court of Justice  (ICJ).

    See also

    Commons : Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations  - collection of images, videos and audio files


    National versions:

    Individual evidence

    1. BGBl. 1964 II pp. 957, 958 , in six languages
    3. ^ Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations. In: UN Treaty collection, UNTC . United Nations, accessed January 1, 2015 .