Winfried Orthmann

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Winfried Orthmann (born August 16, 1935 ) is a German archaeologist from the Middle East .


Winfried Orthmann studied from 1954 to 1961 the subjects of Near Eastern Antiquity, Classical Archeology and Ancient Near Eastern Studies at the Universities of Munich, Berlin and Ankara. In 1961 he received his doctorate at the Free University of Berlin under Anton Moortgat with the thesis Ceramics of the Early Bronze Age from Inner Anatolia .

After completing his studies, he received a travel grant from the German Archaeological Institute in 1962/63 and was then a consultant at the German Archaeological Institute in Istanbul . From 1966 to 1969 he received a habilitation grant from the German Research Foundation . In 1969 he received his habilitation at the Saarland University with the thesis investigations into late Hittite art and in 1971 he was appointed Scientific Councilor and Professor. From 1971 to 1994 Orthmann was Professor of Near Eastern Archeology at Saarland University. From 1994 to 2000 he was a professor at the University of Halle , temporarily as dean of the faculty of art and classical studies. At the end of the summer semester 2000 he retired.

Work and projects

His main research interests are the archeology of Syria from the 3rd to the 1st millennium BC. And the archeology of the South Caucasus in the Early and Middle Bronze Age.

Travels to the countries of the Middle East and excavation campaigns in Ilica (Turkey) and from 1973/74 in Mumbaqat (Syria) promoted his scientific work on special areas of archeology, which mainly include questions about the culture of the Hittites .

In Halawa in the Euphrates Valley in Syria, archaeological excavations were carried out from 1975 to 1986 by an expedition from Saarland University under his direction.

After Anton Moortgat's death in 1977, Orthmann continued the excavations of the ancient settlement of Tell Chuera (north-east Syria) from 1982 to 1983 together with Ursula Moortgat-Correns from Berlin. From 1986 Orthmann was in charge of the excavations; since 1994 the project has been based at the University of Halle. In the 1996 campaign, he excavated parts of a large temple district in the southeast of the city and parts of a palace in the west of the city in layers from the 3rd millennium BC. In addition, a larger building complex from the Central Assyrian period (13th century BC) was further exposed. Orthmann was responsible for the archaeological excavations in the Alasani Valley in Eastern Georgia of the German Research Foundation until 1997 with the aim of completely uncovering a large barrow, a so-called Kurgans , which was built in the last third of the 3rd millennium BC. Near the river Alasani was created.

Orthmann is a full member of the German Archaeological Institute .


  • The ceramics of the Early Bronze Age from Inner Anatolia . Berlin 1963.
  • The old Orient . Berlin 1975 ( Propylaea Art History 14).
  • Studies on late Hittite art . Bonn 1971.
  • with others: Halawa 1977–1979 . Bonn 1981
  • with I. Kampschulte: Graves of the 3rd millennium in the Syrian Euphrates Valley I. Excavations near Tawi in 1975 and 1978 . Bonn 1984.
  • Halawa 1980-1986 . Bonn 1989.
  • with H. Klein, Friedrich Lüth : Tell Chuera in Northeast Syria 1982–1983 . Berlin 1986.
  • with E. Rova: Graves of the 3rd millennium in the Syrian Euphrates Valley II. The cemetery of Wreide . Saarbrücken 1991.
  • with Abd el-Mesih Baghdo, Lutz Martin , Mirko Novák : Excavations on Tell Halaf in northeast Syria. Preliminary report on the first and second excavation campaign , Harrasowitz, Wiesbaden 2009. ISBN 978-3-447-06068-4
  • with Harald Klein, Friedrich Lüth: Tell Chuera in Northeast Syria. Preliminary report on the ninth and tenth excavation campaigns in 1982 and 1983, Berlin 1986.
  • L'architecture religieuse de Tell Chuera, In: Akkadica 69 (1990) 1-18.
  • Tell Chuera. Excavations by the Max Freiherr von Oppenheim Foundation in northeast Syria, Damascus and Tartous in 1990.
  • with others: Excavations in Tell Chuera in north-east Syria I. Report on the excavation campaigns 1986 to 1992, Saarbrücken 1995.
  • with others: Excavations in Tell Chuera in Northeast Syria I (Near East Research by the Max-Freiherr v. Oppenheim Foundation, Volume 2), Saarbrücker Druckerei und Verlag, Saarbrücken 1995
  • The Aramaic-Assyrian city of Guzana. A look back at Max von Oppenheim's excavations in Tell Halaf. Saarbrücker Druckerei und Verlag, Saarbrücken 2002, ISBN 3-930843-79-X


  • Jan-Waalke Meyer u. a. (Ed.): Contributions to Near Eastern archeology dedicated to Winfried Orthmann. Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Archaeological Institute, Frankfurt am Main 2001, ISBN 3-00-007995-5

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