Zionist Association for Germany

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Bodenheimer memorial plaque in Cologne
Memorial plaque on the house at Meinekestrasse 10, Berlin-Charlottenburg , Germany

The National Jewish Association was founded in Cologne in 1894 by Max Bodenheimer , Fabius Schach, Moritz Levy, David Wolffsohn and Rahel Apfel and renamed the Zionist Association for Germany (ZVfD) in 1897 . It had about 10,000 members in 1914 and about 20,000 in the 1920s.

Its publication organ was initially the Zionist Correspondence in Germany , then the Jüdische Rundschau . 1919–1920 she also published the communications of the Zionist Association for Germany (Berlin, every six months).

In 1925, the revisionist wing (whose most important international representative was Vladimir Zeev Jabotinsky ), namely the Zionist Association , was split off under the leadership of Georg Kareski .

The association supported, among other things, the Ha'avara Agreement of 1933 between Nazi Germany and German Zionist Jews, which was intended to encourage German Jews to emigrate to Palestine . They also opposed the anti-Nazi boycott of 1933 because they feared it could worsen the boycott of Jews in Germany.


Memorial plaques

I.a. in Cologne's Richmodisstrasse, a side street of Cologne's Neumarkt , a commemorative plaque commemorates the establishment of the Zionist Association for Germany in Cologne.

Web links

Commons : Zionist Association for Germany  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Jehuda Reinharz (Ed.): Documents on the history of German Zionism 1882-1933 (=  series of scientific treatises of the Leo Baeck Institute . Volume 37). Mohr Siebeck, 1981, ISBN 978-3-16-743272-3 , ISSN  0459-097X , p. 36 .
  2. ^ Stackelberg, R. (2007) The Routledge Companion to Nazi Germany , Abingdon, Oxfordshire: Routledge Publishers, p. 313
  3. Yf'aat Weiss: Shoah Resource Center, The International School for Holocaust Studies 33/1 The Transfer Agreement and the Boycott Movement: A Jewish Dilemma on the Eve of the Holocaust . Yad Vashem Studies. Retrieved February 14, 2019.
  4. How long Friedenthal held the office is unclear. In a letter printed by Feidel-Mertz, he describes himself as chairman, but leaves the exact time open. Compare: Hildegard-Feidel-Mertz: Pedagogy in Exile after 1933 , dipa-Verlag, Frankfurt, 1990, ISBN 3-7638-0520-6 , p. 166.