Kurt Blumenfeld

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Kurt Yehuda Blumenfeld (born May 29, 1884 in Marggrabowa , East Prussia ; died May 21, 1963 in Jerusalem ) was a German Zionist.


Blumenfeld's father was a magistrate in Insterburg , where he attended school. From 1904 to 1909, Blumenfeld studied law at the Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität zu Berlin , the Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg and the Albertus-Universität Königsberg . From the beginning of his studies he was a member of the Association of Jewish Students (VJSt).

In 1909, Blumenfeld became party secretary of the Zionist Association for Germany (ZVfD), of which he was president from 1924 (according to other sources: since 1923) to 1933. From his ZVfD function, he was instrumental in founding the Jewish hiking association Blau-Weiß in 1912 .

Blumenfeld was the general secretary of the Zionist World Association from 1911 to 1914 and edited the magazine Die Welt in Berlin from 1913 to 1914 .

In 1913, Blumenfeld married Jenny Hurwitz and visited Palestine for the first time in 1914 . He took part as a soldier in the First World War, which began the same year.

In 1933, Blumenfeld fled to Palestine. Since 1936 he was also director of the Keren Hajessod , a fund that supported the Aliyah . After several years in New York, Blumenfeld finally moved to Palestine in 1945. He had been friends with Hannah Arendt since the early 1930s , who worked with him even though she did not profess Zionism .


  • Kurt Blumenfeld and Hans Tramer: Experienced Jewish question. A quarter of a century of German Zionism . Stuttgart 1962
  • In the struggle for Zionism: letters from 5 decades . Edited by Miriam Sambursky and Jochanan Ginat . Stuttgart: Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, 1976 ISBN 978-3-421-01770-3
  • Hannah Arendt and Kurt Blumenfeld: ... not rooted in any property. The correspondence, ed. by Ingeborg Nordmann and Iris Pilling, Hamburg 1995, ISBN 388022806X


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Miriam Rürup: A matter of honor. Jewish student associations at German universities 1886-1937 , p. 69
  2. ^ Ivonne Meybohm: Education for Zionism. The Jewish Wanderbund Blau-Weiß as an attempt to implement the program of the Jewish Renaissance in practice , Peter Lang Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2009, ISBN 978-3-631-58481-1 , p. 37
  3. Günter Gaus in an interview with Hannah Arendt: About the person: Hannah Arendt , recording minute 13:05