The electoral system does not provide for reserve lists at the state or district level. Instead, seats for parties that cannot fully cover their mandate through mandates in won constituencies (referred to as first mandates in Baden-Württemberg ) are distributed to their losing constituency applicants. The allocation takes place at the level of the administrative districts. Up until the state elections in 2006, the ranking of the absolute votes was decisive, which was often criticized because this regulation favored large constituencies and thus regions with above-average population growth were overrepresented in the state parliament. The proportion of votes in the constituencies has therefore been used as a criterion since 2011.
It is possible that a party that has won all constituencies in an administrative district is also entitled to second mandates. These are allocated to the substitute applicants for the successful constituency candidates. In the past, August Entringer ( 1972 and 1976 Wangen, 1976 Bodensee ) as well as 1976, 1980 and 1984 Franz Baum ( Biberach ) were elected to the state parliament for the CDU .
- Suffrage Baden-Württemberg on wahlrecht.de