|Achinese (Bahsa Basa Acèh)|
|ISO 639 -2||
The Achinese language (also Acehnesian and Achehnesian ) or Aceh language (also Atjeh ) is a Malayo-Polynesian language spoken by the Achinese people (in Aceh on Sumatra in Indonesia ) as their mother tongue.
This language is also spoken in Malaysia by Chinese descendants in the Yan district of Kedah state .
Achinese belongs to the group of Malayo-Polynesian languages within the language family of Austronesian languages .
The closest relatives of Achinese are therefore Cham , the language group of the Malay languages , Minangkabau , Gayo and the group of the Batak languages .
Originally, Achinese did not have its own script. After the Islamization and Arabization of Aceh, the Arabic script , called "Jawoë" (Malay: " Jawi ") in Achinese , was introduced. Nowadays the script is mainly used for religious purposes and has been used increasingly since the Islamic rebirth in contrast to the Latin script , which was introduced by the Dutch colonists in the Dutch East Indies . Achinese is now also written using the Latin alphabet, with a few additional letters: é, è, ë, ö and ô.
There are at least 10 dialects in the Chinese language. The dialects are Pasè, Peusangan, Matang, Pidië, Buëng, Banda, Daya, Meulabôh, Seunagan and Tunong.
Among the 10 dialects, the most different in comparison to the other varieties are Buëng, Banda and the Daya dialects, especially the Daya variety. These languages are also viewed as separate languages, depending on their cultural convictions.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights , Article 1:
"Bandum ureuëng lahé deungon meurdéhka, dan deungon martabat dan hak njang saban. Ngon akai geuseumiké, ngon haté geumeurasa, bandum geutanjoë lagèë sjèëdara. Hak dan keumuliaan. "
(All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should meet one another in a spirit of brotherhood.)
- Awwad Al-Harbi, Ahmad Al-Ahmadi: Acehnese coda condition: An optimality-theoretic account Archived from the original on July 29, 2009. In: Umm Al-Qura University Journal of Educational and Social Sciences and Humanities . 15, 2003, pp. 9-21.
- Abdul Gani Asyik: The agreement system in Acehnese Archived from the original on February 20, 2012. In: Mon – Khmer Studies . 11, 1982, pp. 1-33.
- Graham Thurgood: The Historical Place of Acehnese: The Known and the Unknown 2007.
- Abdul Gani Asyik: A contextual grammar of Acehnese sentences 1987.
- Mark Durie: A grammar of Acehnese: on the basis of a dialect of North Aceh 1985.
- ↑ Bahasa Aceh in World Press
- ↑ Sulaiman, B. 1981. Kedudukan dan Fungsi Bahasa Aceh di Aceh. Jakarta: Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa