Achsiv (ancient: Ekdippa ) was a city located on the river of the same name in northern Israel between Akko and Tire , according to the biblical representation in the tribal area of Ascher (cf. Jos 19.29 EU and Ri 1.31 EU ). According to the archaeological finds, Achsiv v. a. Phoenician shaped.
The city of Achsiv is already mentioned in cuneiform texts as Aksibi . The first settlement took place in the Middle Bronze Age IIb. Achsiv served as a port facility, remains of which can still be seen today. Excavations also found a cemetery that was in use during the Iron Age and the Persian Era. Sennacherib conquered the city in 701 during his third campaign to Phenicia .
In the Mishnah and Talmud , Achsiv is mentioned several times as the northern border point of the Land of Israel. Flavius Josephus and Eusebius also mention the place.
During the time of the crusaders, the crusader castle Casal Imbert was located there . An Arab village ( ez-Zîb ) developed from the remains , whose inhabitants fled to Lebanon after the Palestine War in 1948. Today there is a national park in Achsiv.
In 1971 the micronation Achsivland was proclaimed, which is not recognized internationally, but is a popular tourist attraction.
- Immanuel Benzinger : Ekdippa . In: Paulys Realencyclopadie der classischen Antiquity Science (RE). Volume V, 2, Stuttgart 1905, Col. 2161 f.
- Dayagi-Mendels, Michal: The Akhziv cemeteries: The Ben-Dor excavations 1941-1944. Israel Antiquities Authority Reports 15. Jerusalem 2002. ISBN 965-406-144-9
- Information from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem on Achsiv
- Information from the Hecht Museum of the University of Haifa on Achsiv
Coordinates: 33 ° 3 ' N , 35 ° 6' E