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Agogô with mallets

Agogô ( Yoruba language ) is a surcharge idiophone in the music of the Yoruba , Igala and Edo in Nigeria , which consists of two oblong-conical metal bells without a clapper , connected by a bracket . From Nigeria, the agogô made its way to South America with African slaves in Brazilian and Cuban music .

The two bells are of different sizes and pitches and are struck with a short stick. The tone interval of the two overtone-rich bells is tuned as a third , fourth or fifth , depending on the processing of the instrument . The agogô is struck with a stick made of wood, more rarely of metal. Another percussive sound can be created by pressing the two bells against each other while playing.

The percussion instrument is mainly played in samba , capoeira and afoxé . The agogô plays a linha rítmica , a rhythmic line comparable to the clave . In contrast to this, however, the basic pattern is often played around, while in Candomblé music a cowbell (called or gonguê ) plays a real clave.

The agogô is of African origin and was brought to South America by the Yoruba . Also in other languages ​​in Nigeria the instrument is called agogo , with the Bantus ( Congo ) ngonge , which means “time” and “attention!”. Another African double bell connected by a stem is the gankogui . A variant of the agogô is the wooden agogô made of wood.


  • KA Gourley, John M. Schechter, Amanda Villepastour, Alice L. Satomi: Agogo. In: Laurence Libin (Ed.): The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments . Vol. 1, Oxford University Press, Oxford / New York 2014, p. 54
  • Töm Klöwer: The worlds of drums and sound instruments. 3. Edition. Binkey Kok, Havelte 1999, ISBN 90-74597-24-6 , pp. 62f.
  • Dudu Tucci, Tiago de Oliveira Pinto: Samba and Sambistas in Brazil. Noetzel, Wilhelmshaven 1992, ISBN 3-7959-0619-9 , pp. 73-76

Web links

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