Percussion ( Engl . Percussion of Latin . Percussio "beating", "Clock", percutere , "beat") is the generic term for the game of all musical instruments from the area of impact and effect instruments . Percussion, based on clapping hands, is one of the oldest forms of music-making.
In the general usage of pop and rock music , a distinction is made between " drums " (drum set) and "other percussion" (Latin, African, oriental percussion, etc.). This distinction lacks an objective basis, as the percussion is a combination of different percussion instruments that can vary greatly from one musical genre to another. However, conga , bongos , timbales and maracas , to name a few important percussion instruments, require special percussion or playing techniques that a drummer (in the narrower popular musical sense) does not always master - and vice versa.
Percussive effects can also be created on instruments that are not primarily designed for this purpose. They have been used as special means of expression, especially in music since the 20th century. They can be realized, for example, by hitting the flap of wind instruments or knocking with the wood of the bow on the body of stringed instruments . With the guitar , too , they are often created in jazz or solo performances by knocking, hitting or tapping on the body (often using small wooden plates to prevent damage, which also lead to a percussive sound). A prepared piano can also be used to create percussive effects.