Accreditation (economy)

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The term accreditation ( Latin accredere , "to believe") is used in various disciplines to describe the fact that a generally recognized organization certifies a specific competence of another organization or person .


Accreditation in the sense meant here is, according to ISO / IEC 17011: 2018-03, the confirmation by a third party, which formally states that a conformity assessment body has the specialist competence to carry out certain conformity assessment tasks. It is always about the approval or recognition of an institution , authority , organization or natural person.

Legal issues

There are statutory regulations for notified bodies through the Medical Devices Act and for conformity assessment bodies e.g. B. in Germany through the German Accreditation Body Act, in Austria through the Austrian Accreditation Act. and in Switzerland through the Accreditation and Designation Ordinance, AkkBV.

Conformity assessment bodies are organizations that provide the following services for conformity assessment: testing and calibration, inspection, certification of management systems, people ( personal certification in the sense of proof of qualification) and products.

  1. A certification body is accredited if an accreditation body formally confirms that the certification body has the B. Standards DIN EN ISO / IEC 17021, DIN EN ISO / IEC 17024 and DIN EN ISO / IEC 17065 meet the requirements for carrying out evaluations of management systems (e.g. quality management or environmental management), products or people.
  2. A testing or calibration laboratory is accredited if it has the z. B. Requirements of the standard DIN EN ISO / IEC 17025 met. For this purpose, the laboratory is assessed by assessors from an independent accreditation body that meets the DIN EN ISO / IEC 17011 standard and monitored by surveillance assessments at intervals of one to one and a half years.
  3. An inspection body is accredited if it meets the requirements of the standard z. B. ISO / IEC 17020 met and an accreditation body formally confirms this.

In Germany, since January 1, 2010, the German Accreditation Body (DAkkS) has been exclusively responsible for granting and maintaining accreditations. A national accreditation body was set up in accordance with the requirements of Regulation (EC) No. 765/2008 and in accordance with the German Accreditation Body Act. The shareholders of the DAkkS are the Federal Republic of Germany, the federal states and the economy represented by the Federation of German Industries (BDI).

In Switzerland , the accreditation activities are the responsibility of the Swiss Accreditation Service SAS.

In Austria , " Accreditation Austria ", as the national Austrian accreditation body of the Federal Ministry for Digitization and Business Location, is responsible for granting and maintaining accreditations.

Web links

Wiktionary: Accreditation  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations


  • Joachim Bloehs / Torben Frank, Accreditation Law : VO (EG) No. 765/2008, Accreditation Body Act, Ordinance on the Loans to Accreditation Body According to the Accreditation Body Act, Cost Ordinance of the Accreditation Body, Ordinance on the Design and Use of the Accreditation Symbol of the Accreditation Body. Commentary, Munich, CH BECK, 2015, ISBN 978-3-406-65049-9 .
  • Wolfgang Tiede / Christoph Ryczewski / Maximilian Yang:  Introduction to the Accreditation Law of Germany , in:  Neue Zeitschrift für Verwaltungsrecht  (NVwZ) 2012, pp. 1212–1216.

Individual evidence

  1. Accreditation Body Act (AkkStelleG) of July 31, 2009 ( Federal Law Gazette I p. 2625 ).
  2. Tiede / Ryczewski / Yang: Introduction to the Accreditation Law of Germany , in: Neue Zeitschrift für Verwaltungsrecht (NVwZ) 2012, pp. 1212–1216.
  3. Austrian Accreditation Act (AkkG) .
  4. Swiss Accreditation and Designation Ordinance Accessed on March 30, 2016.
  5. website of Dakks .
  6. SAS website . Retrieved March 30, 2016.