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Ampelos ( ancient Greek Ἄμπελος Ámpelos , German 'vine' ) is a young satyr and the personification of the vine in Greek and Roman mythology . After Ampelos, the grape variety was called ampelography .

Ancient mythology

In the Greek Dionysiaka of Nonnos Ampelos is in Asia Minor Lydia the mistress of Dionysus . While riding a bull while hunting, he falls down and is trampled to death. As a consolation for Dionysus, Zeus transforms him into the first vine . Dionysus first plants the new plant in a bird's bone. When this becomes too small, he exchanges it for a lion bone and finally for that of a donkey. So Dionysus can take the vine everywhere and spread it all over the world.

In the Roman Fasti of Ovid Ampelos is the son of a nymph and a satyr. In the Greek countryside of Thrace he becomes Bacchus's lover . When he climbs a tree to pick grapes from a vine that has grown up there, he falls down and dies. Bacchus then takes him to heaven as Vindemitor ( Bootes ).


Web links

Commons : Ampelos  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wiktionary: Ampelos  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Nonnos von Panopolis: Dionysiaka 10, 175 ff.
  2. ^ Nonnos of Panopolis: Dionysiaka 11, 185 ff.
  3. ^ Ovid: Fasti 3, 407 ff.