Heinrich Wilhelm Stoll

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Heinrich Wilhelm Stoll (born January 16, 1819 in Sechshelden , † June 19, 1890 in Weilburg ) was a German pedagogue and classical philologist .

Heinrich W. Stoll came from a Nassau farmers and miners family. Between 1831 and 1835 his family made it possible for him to attend the pedagogical center in Dillenburg . From 1836 to 1838 he was able to attend grammar school in Weilburg with a grant from the Dutch royal family , where Johann Philipp Krebs was one of his teachers. Since 1838 Stoll studied classical philology at the University of Göttingen . Karl Otfried Müller , Friedrich Wilhelm Schneidewin and Ernst von Leutsch were his most important teachers, he also heard from Christoph Wilhelm Mitscherlich , Karl Hoeck (1794–1877), Johann Friedrich Herbart and Heinrich Ritter . Above all, Müller was to influence Stoll and interested him in the Greek realities: history, mythology and archeology. After Müller's death, Schneidewin became particularly important, and he continued to introduce Stoll to Greek philology.

In the winter of 1840/41 Stoll passed his state examination and was then a teacher at a private school in Idstein until 1842 . After half a year of probation, Stoll was employed at the pedagogical center in Dillenburg in 1843 . In 1845 he moved to the grammar school in Wiesbaden , where he initially worked as a deputy teacher and since Easter 1849 as vice principal . In autumn, Stoll succeeded Karl Felix Halm at the Hadamar grammar school , where he directed a large part of the old-class classes. Because of denominational tensions, the Protestant Stoll was transferred from the Catholic high school in Hadamar to Weilburg in October 1852. Stoll stayed in Weilburg for the rest of his career and taught the ancient languages. In 1858 he became Vice Rector and in 1859 Professor . He was retired at Easter 1884.

Stoll was a very prolific writer. He wrote a significant number of monographs, as well as various articles in magazines. He contributed articles for Lübker's Reallexikon des classical antiquity , the Real Encyclopedia of classical antiquity and Roscher's Lexicon of Greek and Roman mythology . Much of his writings were intended as introductions to students and interested laypeople, whom he wanted to bring closer to antiquity. His handbook of the religion and mythology of the Greeks and Romans became a classic, it had many editions until the next millennium and was translated into several other languages. Other particularly successful writings by Stoll, such as the two-volume The Gods and Heroes of Classical Antiquity and The Legends of Classical Antiquity , dealt with ancient mythology.


  • Opera reliquia collecta 1845 (publisher Antimachus)
  • Handbook of the religions and mythology of the Greeks and Romans Teubner Verlag 1860
  • History of the Greeks and Romans in biographies. Teubner, Leipzig 1866 ( digitized part 1 ).
  • History of the Greeks up to the submission to Rome in 1868
  • History of the Romans up to the fall of the republic in 1869
  • Pictures from ancient Roman life, 1871
  • Tales from history (parts 1-5). Teubner, Leipzig 1874–1887 ( digitized version (various editions) ).
  • Pictures from ancient Greek life Teubner Verlag Leipzig 1875
  • Gods and Herons of Classical Antiquity, 1879
  • Migration through ancient Greece with no year of publication
  • The legends of classical antiquity without a year of publication


Web links

Wikisource: Heinrich Wilhelm Stoll  - Sources and full texts