Andean language

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Spoken in

Dagestan ( Russia )
speaker about 10,000
Language codes
ISO 639 -1


ISO 639 -2


ISO 639-3


The Andean language (own name: q'wannab micci ) belongs to the Andean language subgroup named after it within the Northeast Caucasian language family . It is spoken by around 10,000 people in the south of the Autonomous Republic of Dagestan ( Russian Federation ); however, the Andier ethnic population is around 20,000.

The name Andisch goes back to the name of the village Andi .


Andish (No. 17) in the environment of the Northeast Caucasian language family

Andean is currently no longer a written language , but it was written with the Arabic alphabet until 1928 , with the Latin alphabet between 1928 and 1938 and with the Cyrillic alphabet from 1938 . Avar and Russian are used as written languages ​​today .

Linguistic characteristics

Andean is an ergative language and has a nominal class system .


  • ME Alekseev: Andijskij jazyk . In: Kavkazskie jazyki . Moscow 1999, pp. 220-228, ISBN 5874440798 . (in Russian)
  • II Cercvadze: Andijskij jazyk . In: Jazyki narodov SSSR . Vol. 4. Moscow 1967, pp. 276-292. (in Russian)
  • Adolf Dirr: Kratkij grammatičeskij očerk andijskago jazyka . Tbilisi 1906. (in Russian)

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