Sebastiano Martinelli

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Archbishop Sebastiano Martinelli as Apostolic Delegate in the United States of America (1899)
Cardinal Sebastiano Martinelli, 1902; painted by Thomas Eakins (1844–1916)

Sebastiano Cardinal Martinelli OESA (born August 20, 1848 in Borgo Sant'Anna near Lucca , † July 4, 1918 in Rome ) was a diplomat and Curia Cardinal of the Catholic Church .


Martinelli entered the Augustinian seminary at the age of 16 . He was ordained a priest on March 4, 1871 .

He was elected Prior General of the Augustinian Order in 1889 and 1896 . On August 18, 1896 he was by Pope Leo XIII. Appointed Titular Archbishop of Ephesus and Second Apostolic Delegate in the United States . He received his episcopal ordination on August 30th of the same year by Cardinal Secretary of State Mariano Rampolla del Tindaro ; Co- consecrators were Curia Bishop Guglielmo Pifferi OESA and the Bishop of Amelia , Vincenzo Giuseppe Veneri .

Pope Leo XIII. created him cardinal in 1901 and appointed him cardinal priest of Sant'Agostino in 1902 . In 1903 he took part in the conclave that Pope Pius X elected. From 1909 to 1918 Martinelli was prefect of the Congregation for Rites . At the conclave of 1914 , he could not attend because he was ill.

Sebastiano Martinelli was the brother of Cardinal Tommaso Maria Martinelli , who was promoted to cardinal in 1873.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. a b See New York Times , October 4, 1896, ( online )
  2. See: Sidney Kirkpatrick: The Revenge of Thomas Eakins. Yale 2006, p. 475; Thomas Eakins had portrayed Martinelli in 1902.
  3. ^ Francesco di Domenico: Vita e pontificato de Leone XIII. Rome 1903, p. 335 mentions S. Agostino as the titular church