Standing rock

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Upcoming parlor sandstone in an outcrop in Schönbuch . The overlying soil layer is clearly visible in the upper and right part of the picture.

As a solid rock (also briefly Imminent ) is called in geology at or near the earth's surface befindliches rock that stands in a natural association with the rock of the subsoil. It is irrelevant whether this rock actually visible (at the surface receptive ) or from the ground , artificial ( anthropogenic ) bulk materials or, in polar and high mountain regions of glacier ice is covered. The following shows the original geological conditions that can be found at the corresponding location, unaffected by (sub) recent ( Holocene ) weathering , erosion or sedimentation . Conversely, (sub) recent formations such as soils (in the sense of soil science ), hillside rubble , or anthropogenic embankments are excluded from the term “pending”.

Based on the miners' language , rock in the geology is sometimes referred to as mountains . The mining term Dammerde for the overlying soil, however, is generally not used today among geologists.

Is Pending a solid rock , this is known, especially in the engineering geology and construction , also of solid rock , but the term "Imminent" is not limited solely to hard rock, but can also refer to geologically young, semi or unconsolidated sediments relate . The latter are also referred to in a structural engineering context as “grown soil”, including sub-recent formations, for example peat , but not the topsoil .


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