The adjective rezent [ reˈtsɛnt ] stands for present or recently past states or processes.
Word origin and meaning
The word rezent comes from the Latin recens for “just recently, fresh”. In this sense, it was a foreign word in the general language until the 19th century, just like today's English recent and recently 'lately, recently, recently, recently, recently' (for the German 'rezent' would be more like 'extant' in English).
Today it is only used in technical terms :
- in the context of the development of earth and life, culture and the like for processes and phenomena that occur today or have occurred in the recent or recent past,
- In scientific language in general in the sense of "fresh" ( recent tracks , recent traces of archaeological finds and the like),
- in general medicine for recent infections and injuries ; in psychoanalysis for recent psychological impressions,
- in pharmacy for freshly prepared preparations (recenter paratum),
- In culinary terms, especially in connection with cheese, it means spicy, spicy, hot, hearty or strong.
In biology , recent means "alive today or recently extinct". Recent species are all those that occur in the geological present, the Holocene (beginning almost 12,000 years ago to the present), or that became extinct during this time. Those species that became extinct before or during the transition from the Pleistocene to the Holocene are called fossil . The limit of almost 12,000 years is only a guideline, since the extinction event during the climate change on the border from the Pleistocene to the Holocene (during the last Ice Age ) lasted several thousand years and geographically did not take place at the same speed everywhere. Often an age of 10,000 years is shown for the limit from fossil to recent .
- Example: Recent representatives of mammoths (Proboscidea) are African elephant ( Loxodonta africana ), forest elephant ( Loxodonta cyclotis ) Asian elephant ( Elephas maximus ), various Altelefanten , about Cyprus dwarf elephant ( Elephas cypriotes , to about 9500 BC..) as well as Elephas celebensis (on Sulawesi, extinct), Java elephant (extinct, perhaps still living on Borneo as a Borneo dwarf elephant ), but also woolly mammoth ( Mammuthus primigenius , until about 2000 BC), American mastodon ( Mammut americanum , up to about 7000 to 10,000 BC) and some stegodonts (Flores 10,000 BC)
In geology , recent means : "taking place in the present, under present conditions, or formed". The opposite is - as in biology - the term fossil , which refers to the prehistoric. The terms subrecent and subfossil have become established for the border area, which is to be placed in the transition from the Pleistocene to the Holocene (around 12,000 years ago, i.e. towards the end of the last Ice Age) . However, there is no uniform delimitation.
Mineralogy and soil science use the term analogously.
The cultural sciences use the term like biology. In sociolinguistics, for example, one speaks of recent language and thus includes living languages and those that were still spoken in recent history, in contrast to the ancient languages that have been handed down as classic educational languages (such as ancient Greek , Latin , Sanskrit ) and the historical ones, the are extinct ( Gothic , Hittite , Coptic ), or have been absorbed in their further development in other languages ( Old High German ).
In the same way, the term is used in ethnology for other cultural achievements, such as customs, artistic means of expression, religious rites and the like.