Anti-terror law

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An anti-terrorism law (also: Anti-terrorism Act ) is a law that exclusively or at least primarily the fight against terrorism should serve.


Older German anti-terror laws are, for example, the newly created criminal offense of membership in a terrorist organization ( Section 129a of the Criminal Code ) and the Contact Blocking Act of 1977.

In the Federal Republic of Germany, several anti-terror laws have come into force since the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001 , including the extensive Article Law to Combat International Terrorism (Anti-Terrorism Act) of January 9, 2002, also known as Security Package II of the then Federal Minister of the Interior Otto Schily (SPD ).

The Aviation Security Act of January 11, 2005 is one of the legal reactions .

The packages of measures in Germany extended to various regulations and areas:

  • The security checks in air traffic have become more extensive.
  • The personnel deployed in security areas are now subject to an annual background check.
  • Identity papers have been geared more towards computer-aided identification and will be supplemented by biometric features in the future .
  • Extremist religious communities can be banned after the amendment of the Association Act.
  • The powers of various security agencies have been expanded.
  • The German Federal Criminal Police Office is now allowed to prosecute supporters of foreign terrorist organizations and to act in data network crime .
  • The federal police are allowed to use so-called sky marshals in aircraft.
  • The Office for the Protection of the Constitution was also required to monitor activities that were directed against international understanding and peaceful coexistence. He is supposed to track down flows of money from terror suspects through information inquiries.
  • Police and secret services were given access to a counter-terrorism file and further fusion centers were set up.

The anti-terror law in Germany, which expires in January 2012, was extended in June 2011. The data retention of telecommunication data was controversial . On June 22, 2011, data protection initiatives by Minister Sabine Leutheusser-Schnarrenberger handed over almost 58,000 signatures and protested in front of the Ministry of Justice “against the planned reintroduction of data retention. You criticize that the surveillance measures are a disproportionate invasion of privacy. "

United States

The USA PATRIOT Act is an American federal law that was passed by Congress on October 25, 2001 in the wake of the war on terrorism. It was a direct response to the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001 and the anthrax attacks that followed shortly thereafter.


Critics of the anti-terrorist legislation argue that the counter-terrorism measures primarily serve to suppress and monitor citizens and politically dissenting groups, while they are ineffective against the terrorists themselves. The American Civil Liberties Union reported that, according to the US Department of Justice, over a million people were on the list of terror suspects in the United States.

See also


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Christian Rath: Chronicle of the security laws: The way to the anti-terror state. In: . April 20, 2010, accessed January 5, 2017 .
  2. Markus Deggerich: Security Package II: Hurry with Wedges. In: Spiegel Online . December 12, 2001, accessed January 5, 2017 .
  3. ↑ Farewell to the rule of law? Security package II passed in the Bundestag against votes from the FDP and the PDS. In: AG Peace Research. Federal Peace Council Committee, January 1, 2002, accessed on January 5, 2017 .
  4. ^ A b Coalition argues violently over anti-terror laws. May 25, 2011, archived from the original on May 28, 2011 ; Retrieved May 29, 2011 .
  5. dho / Reuters / DPA / AFP / DPA / Reuters: Extension of four years: coalition ends dispute over anti-terror laws. In: . June 29, 2011, accessed January 5, 2017 .
  6. Powers of the secret services: Anti-terror laws are extended. In: . June 29, 2011, accessed January 5, 2017 .
  7. Wolf Schmidt: Powers of the secret services: Sniff a little less. In: . May 26, 2011, accessed January 5, 2017 .
  8. Data storage and anti-terror laws: Interior minister trusts FDP. In: . June 22, 2011, accessed January 5, 2017 .
  9. ^ Open letter from 25 civil rights organizations on the Anti-Terrorism Act of December 12, 2001.
  10. ^ "New anti-terror law creates uncontrollable powers for secret services." Press release of the Humanist Union of July 9, 2006.
  11. ^ "USA out of control" - One million terror suspects, on July 15, 2008