Transverse Facial Artery
It arises from the superficial temporal artery just in front of the auricle base . It then runs below the zygomatic arch over the face and is accompanied by the branches of the facial nerve . The arteria transversa faciei supplies the parotid gland , the masseter muscle and the skin of the face. It has numerous anastomoses to the facial branches of the maxillary ( maxillary artery ) and the facial artery ( facial artery ).
In sheep and goats , the arteria transversa faciei is the main supply vessel for the face, since in these animals the arteria facialis is not developed. In horses , it is used by the veterinarian to obtain arterial blood.
- Uwe Gille: Cardiovascular and immune system, Angiologia. In: Franz-Viktor Salomon, Hans Geyer, Uwe Gille (Ed.): Anatomy for veterinary medicine. 2nd, revised and expanded edition. Enke, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8304-1075-1 , pp. 404-463.