Facial artery

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The arteria facialis ("facial artery ") is the artery that supplies most of the superficial structures of the face in humans and mammals . Only sheep and goats do not have an arteria facialis, here the arteria transversa faciei takes care of the face, but the corresponding vein , vena facialis , is also developed in these animals.

The arterial vessels of the head in an anatomical drawing
Here it is called the External Maxillary (top right)

The Arteria Facialis arises as the third main trunk from the external carotid artery ( Arteria carotis externa ), in horses and cattle together with the Arteria lingualis as Truncus linguofacialis , which soon divides into the two individual vessels. The facial artery runs under the stylohyoid and digastric muscles and passes the lower jaw bone ( mandible ) at the front edge of the masseter muscle , where it lies in a notch in the bone ( incisura vasorum facialium ). You can also easily feel your pulse here. After that it lies under the platysma and gradually branches into its terminal branches.


In horses, the facial artery also discharges the lateral nasal artery ( arteria lateralis nasi ) and the nasal dorsal artery ( arteria dorsalis nasi ).

Individual evidence

  1. FCAT - Federative Committee on Anatomical Terminology: Terminologia Anatomica. Thieme, Stuttgart et al. 1998, ISBN 3-13-114361-4 .


  • Theodor H. Schiebler (Ed.): Anatomie. Histology, history of development, macroscopic and microscopic anatomy, topography. Taking into account the item catalog. 9th, completely revised edition. Springer, Heidelberg 2005, ISBN 3-540-21966-8 .
  • Uwe Gille: Cardiovascular and immune system, Angiologia. In: Franz-Viktor Salomon, Hans Geyer, Uwe Gille (Ed.): Anatomy for veterinary medicine. 2nd, revised and expanded edition. Enke, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8304-1075-1 , pp. 404-463.