The elevation of a spatial (i.e. three-dimensional) object (e.g. a house, a bridge, etc.) is a drawing that is created by orthogonal parallel projection of the characteristic edges, points and lines of the object onto a perpendicular drawing plane. Together with the floor plan - which shows the object under orthogonal parallel projection onto a horizontal drawing plane - the spatial object is clearly described. In addition, there are cross tears , views and sections . The two-panel projection provides the theoretical basis . A drawing tool is used to make the outline . Construction workers and carpenters often produce large-scale elevations directly on the drawing floor .
Floor plans and elevations of real objects such as houses, bridges etc. are always scaled (reduced) orthogonal parallel projections of the object. In construction plans, the size is often reduced to 1: 100 or 1:50 or 1:10 (see plan ).
- C. Leopold: Geometric Basics of Architectural Representation. Verlag W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 2005, ISBN 3-17-018489-X , p. 41.
- Descriptive geometry for architects. (PDF; 1.5 MB). Script. Darmstadt University, p. 23.
- Descriptive geometry for architects and civil engineers. Script. University of Braunschweig, p. 25.