Export list

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In foreign trade law, an export list is a list that contains all goods that are subject to export controls and are therefore either subject to an export ban or an export permit . The counterpart was the import list .


In general, the German foreign trade law from going free trade from, so neither the states regulated yet for goods foreign trade . "The goods , services , capital , payment and other commercial transactions with foreign countries as well as the exchange of foreign assets and gold between residents is basically free" ( Section 1 (1) AWG ). However, according to this provision, foreign trade is also subject to restrictions that may temporarily affect some countries and / or goods.

Legal issues

According to Section 8 (1) AWV, the goods listed in Part I Section A and Section B of the export list require an export license . Certain dual-use goods named by the Federal Office of Economics and Export Control (BAFA) , which are neither mentioned in the export list nor in Annex I of Regulation (EC) No. 428/2009 (dual use) , also require a license under Section 8 AWV an export permit. According to Section 10 AWV, the goods marked with a “G” in Part II, Column 3 of the export list also require an export license.

According to Section 74 AWV, there is an export ban on the states and goods listed there; exceptions are listed in Section 76 AWV.


The export list is attached as Annex 1 to the AWV . In Part I, it includes Section A ( weapons , ammunition and armaments ) and Section B for goods registered nationally. Part II contains in Section I goods to which the restrictions laid down in Section 10 AWV refer, and in Section II goods of plant origin. The export list is presented annually by an ordinance being updated and the Federal Gazette published .

  • Part I lists the goods ( goods , data processing programs (software) and technologies ) for which the restrictions of the AWV and the EC Dual Use Regulation apply:
    • Part I, Section A: List of weapons, ammunition and armaments.
    • Part I, Section B: nationally recorded dual-use goods.
  • Part II names the goods of vegetable origin for which there are restrictions specified there in accordance with the Foreign Trade Ordinance.

economic aspects

Export permits, export lists and export bans represent barriers to trade that restrict free trade. Their restrictive handling leads - under otherwise unchanged conditions - to lower exports and thus to a deterioration in the trade balance . Since domestic exports are not needed and therefore the goods are usually not even produced, the gross national product falls . Conversely, this also applies to an expansive foreign trade policy . Trade policy measures such as restrictive export permits and export lists, stronger export orientation , expansive import restrictions or import tariffs can offset a negative foreign exchange balance and vice versa. In this way, export lists influence the foreign contribution , foreign trade and production value . Foreign trade policy therefore also has an impact on national economic policy .


In Switzerland and Austria there are no export lists of this kind, but when importing and exporting certain goods, various requirements must be observed due to provisions on non-customs decrees. This applies in particular to dual-use goods, weapons and ammunition, environmental protection , health protection and species protection .

A Trade Control List ( English Commerce Control List , CCL ) is in the United States for an export list that products originating in the United States, whose export from the United States or re-export (for example, exports of products originating in the US from EU Member States ) from US perspective is subject to an export license.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Otmar Issing, Monetary Problems of Economic Policy in the EEC , 1964, p. 50